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  • Using Visual Media

What is a Literature Review?

What do we mean by "the literature", literature review video tutorial, find sample literature reviews.

  • Organizing Your Literature Review
  • Sample Papers & Other APA Resources

Library & Research Help

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Commonly referred to as a “Lit Review”, a literature review is a critical, analytical summary and synthesis of the current knowledge of a topic.

  • Have a particular focus or theme to organize the review.
  • Discuss the significant academic literature important for that focus.
  • Compare, relate, and contrast different theories and findings.
  • Reflect trends over time.
  • Be written in a legible academic style, leading logically from idea to idea.
  • Remember to use parenthetical references in the text, for example: ...describe recent trends in supervision (Diaz, 2006; Stacey & Holmes, 2004).

Keep in mind that if your literature review stands alone—distinct from a thesis, study or dissertation—it should include a brief introduction and conclusion.

  • Scholarly journals (a.k.a. "peer-reviewed" & "academic")
  • Professional journals
  • Academic books & e-books
  • Research reports
  • Conference proceedings
  • Doctoral dissertations

A 10-minute overview of what a literature review is and its purpose.

You can search for literature reviews in our databases by searching your topic and adding "literature reviews" as a search term.

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

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Literature Review: Conducting & Writing

  • Sample Literature Reviews
  • Steps for Conducting a Lit Review
  • Finding "The Literature"
  • Organizing/Writing
  • Chicago: Notes Bibliography

Sample Lit Reviews from Communication Arts

Have an exemplary literature review.

  • Literature Review Sample 1
  • Literature Review Sample 2
  • Literature Review Sample 3

Have you written a stellar literature review you care to share for teaching purposes?

Are you an instructor who has received an exemplary literature review and have permission from the student to post?

Please contact Britt McGowan at [email protected] for inclusion in this guide. All disciplines welcome and encouraged.

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Literature Review

  • Steps for Conducting a Lit Review
  • Finding "The Literature"
  • Organizing/Writing
  • Sample Literature Reviews
  • FAMU Writing Center

APA 6th Edition

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

  • Purdue OWL Purdue University Online Writing Lab
  • The Writer's Handbook APA documentation guide from University of Wisconsin-Madison

Many Social Science disciplines use APA format for citing sources.  The most recent guide is the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 6th Edition.  See our additional page to format in-text or parenthetical citations.  

The following examples of the most commons types of citations are adapted from the 6th edition (2010) of the APA manual.  For additional examples, consult chapter 7 (pages 193-224) of the APA Manual or browse the APA Style online guide at http://www.apastyle.org/index.aspx  

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APA 6th Referencing Style Guide

  • APA referencing style
  • In-text citation
  • Reference list

Reference List

Reference formatting guide, reference examples, reference list example, secondary citations, doi and url.

  • TV, film & video
  • Tables, figures & images
  • Conferences
  • Personal communications
  • Lecture notes
  • Social media
  • Computer software & mobile applications
  • Legislation & cases
  • Standards & patents
  • Specific health examples
  • Exhibition catalogue

A  reference list  lists only the sources you refer to in your writing.

The purpose of the reference list is to allow your sources to be be found by your reader.  It also gives credit to authors you have consulted for their ideas.  All references cited in the text must appear in the reference list, except for personal communications (such as conversations or emails) which cannot be retrieved.  

A  bibliography  is different from a reference list as it lists all the sources used during your research and background reading, not just the ones you refer to in your writing.

One author (a book chapter)

One author, multiple works published in the same year

Two authors (a journal article with doi)

Three authors 

  • Use "&" before the final author.

Four to seven authors

  • List all authors in the reference entry

More than seven authors 

  • First 6 authors ... last author. and follow by date and other information. 

Click the type of resources on the left column to find more reference examples.

Go to the In-text citation page to learn how to do in-text citations.

A secondary citation is where you are citing information or quotes the author of your reference has taken from source that you have not read.

In-text citation:

  • Name the author of the original work in your text, cite the secondary source in in-text citation: (as cited in ..., 1993)

Reference list entry: 

  • Give the secondary source in the reference list.

DOI = digital object identifier

  • A DOI commonly identifies a journal article but it can also be found on other publication types including books.
  • All DOIs start with 10 . and includes numbers and letters. Example: doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2009.08.001
  • The DOI provides a permanent internet address for the item making it easy to locate.
  • You may search by DOI numbers in Library Search to locate articles.

Doi in your reference list entry:

  • Always use the DOI if available (for print or online articles and books).  
  • No full stop at the end of a DOI. 

A new citing format for DOI was introduced by APA in March 2017. The new format includes  https and the prefix doi.org : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asw.2016.11.001

Articles retrieved from library databases may include ezproxy.aut.ac.nz in the DOIs. This ezproxy information should be removed.

For example:

https://doi-org. ezproxy.aut.ac.nz /10.1093/pubmed/fdv045

The correct URL for this DOI is:

https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdv045

If there is no DOI for a online journal article or an e-book, include a URL in your reference.

Use the URL of a journal home page for journal articles without DOI

  • Use the URL of the journal homepage, NOT the full URL of the article, in your reference.

Finding a journal homepage URL :

You could do a Google search for the journal title (within double quotation marks), e.g. "new zealand management magazine" to find the journal's homepage

Or, go to the Library database  Ulrichsweb , search by the journal title or the journal's ISSN to find the journal record. On the journal record page, find the journal URL for your reference.

Journals without a home page and no DOI:

This can happen to some discontinued journals, or journals archived in an archival database only. 

  • Use the database home page URL in your reference. See the example in the following section.  

Use a URL of a library database:

Resources retrieved from a library database, without a DOI:

If you use electronic resources without DOI, such as an ebook or a data set or a journal without a website, from a library database, You are required to include the URL of the database homepage  in your reference.

  • Do not use the full URL of the source that you retrieved from a database.

An ebook "Small town sustainability: economic, social,and environmental innovation".

The URL on the ebook page is:

https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.ezproxy.aut.ac.nz/lib/AUT/detail.action?docID=1121624 

  • You should remove ezproxy and other details following it.
  • The correct URL in the reference for this book should be http://ebookcentral.proquest.com
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  • Last Updated: Apr 20, 2023 1:46 PM
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Purdue Online Writing Lab Purdue OWL® College of Liberal Arts

APA Sample Paper

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Welcome to the Purdue OWL

This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue University. When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice.

Copyright ©1995-2018 by The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.

Note:  This page reflects the latest version of the APA Publication Manual (i.e., APA 7), which released in October 2019. The equivalent resource for the older APA 6 style  can be found here .

Media Files: APA Sample Student Paper  ,  APA Sample Professional Paper

This resource is enhanced by Acrobat PDF files. Download the free Acrobat Reader

Note: The APA Publication Manual, 7 th Edition specifies different formatting conventions for student  and  professional  papers (i.e., papers written for credit in a course and papers intended for scholarly publication). These differences mostly extend to the title page and running head. Crucially, citation practices do not differ between the two styles of paper.

However, for your convenience, we have provided two versions of our APA 7 sample paper below: one in  student style and one in  professional  style.

Note: For accessibility purposes, we have used "Track Changes" to make comments along the margins of these samples. Those authored by [AF] denote explanations of formatting and [AWC] denote directions for writing and citing in APA 7. 

APA 7 Student Paper:

Apa 7 professional paper:.

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APA Style (6th ed.)

  • Position of the citation
  • Secondary Referencing
  • Date of Publication
  • Page numbers
  • Citing Sources Multiple Times
  • Citing from Web pages
  • Paraphrasing and Summarising
  • Reference Lists and Bibliographies
  • Examples of References in APA (6th ed.) style

Examples of References in APA style (6th edition)

  • Examples of References in APA style
  • APA Reference Examples A-Z
  • Comparison of 6th and 7th editions of APA
  • Setting the Bibliographic Style
  • Inserting In-text Citations
  • How to create a Reference List
  • Managing Sources
  • Editing Citations
  • Updating your Reference list
  • Find Sources
  • Evaluate Sources
  • Write the Reference
  • Write the Annotation
  • Examples of Annotations
  • Journal Articles
  • Web pages and social media
  • Newspaper articles

Dictionary or Encyclopaedia

Thesis or dissertation.

  • Reports and Datasets
  • Conferences
  • Images, figures and tables

Exhibitions

  • Audiovisual and Digital Media
  • Lecture Notes and Presentations
  • Author/Editor (Surname, Initials) ,
  • (Year of publication).
  • Title (in italics) .
  • Edition (other than first edition) .
  • Place of publication: Publisher.

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

An e-book retrieved from an academic database that does not have a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) is referenced as though it were the print version, as above. (A DOI is a unique alphanumeric string that identifies content and provides a persistent link to its location on the internet. DOIs can be found in database records and the reference lists of published works).

Books with a URL or a DOI can be referenced like this:

  • Author/editor (Surname, Initials)
  • (Year of publication)
  • Title of book (in italics)
  • (Edition) (if not the 1st edition)
  • DOI or Retrieved from URL

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Book Chapter

  • Author of chapter/section (Surname, Initials)
  • ‘Title of chapter/section’.
  • ‘In:’ followed by author/editor of book, (in direct order)
  • Title of book (in italics) .
  • (Page reference).
  • Place of publication: Publisher,

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Journal article (print)

  • Author(s) (Surname, Initials)
  • Title of article
  • Title of journal (in italics, first letter of each word should be capitalised, except for words such as and, of, the)        
  • Issue information (volume, issue, pages) (volume in italics)

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Journal article (online)

  • Title of article.
  • Title of journal (in italics, first letter of each word should be capitalised, except for words such as and, of, the)
  • Issue information (date, volume, issue no., pages) (volume in italics)
  • Retrieved from: URL

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Journal article (database without DOI)

Journal articles retrieved from databases without a DOI can be referenced like a print journal, as above.

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Journal article (with DOI)

  • Issue information (date, volume , issue no., pages) (volume in italics)

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Journal article (more than 7 authors)

List the first six authors followed by three spaced ellipsis points (...) and then the last author's name.

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Journal article (pre-publication)

“Pre-print”, “In press” and “advanced online publication” usually refer to articles that have been accepted for publication, but may not yet have been assigned to a publication volume/issue. These articles can be cited using the year of online publication and the DOI.

  • Issue information (date, volume, issue no., pages) (if any available)
  • Advance online publication.

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

arXiv is a collection facility for scientific 'e-prints'. Some of them have been published and some have not. APA recommends updating your references when you're close to finishing your assignment. If you've cited a preprint that has since been published, cite the published journal article.

In the example below, you will see that the title is in italics. This is because it hasn't yet been accepted in a journal and is, therefore, considered a stand-alone work.

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Journal Article (with article numbers, not page numbers)

If the journal article has an article number instead of a page range, include the word “Article” and then the article number instead of the page range.

  • Journal Title  (in italics)
  • Volume ,  (in italics)
  • Article number 

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Magazine Article

  • (Year of publication, Month day)
  • Title of magazine (in italics, first letter of each word should be capitalised, except for words such as and, of, the)      

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

  • Author (Surname, Initials or Organisation name)
  • (Year)  (Month Day, if applicable).
  • Title of webpage   (in italics)

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

If no date can be established, use n.d. to indicate no date in the citation and the reference.

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

  • Author of message
  • (Year, Month Day).
  • Title of message
  • [Blog post]

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

  • Author (surname followed by initials) and/or [screen name]
  • (Year, Month day) tweet posted
  • full text of tweet (If a tweet is longer than 40 words, write the first 40 words)

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

  • Author and/or [given name]
  • (Year, month day)
  • Title of page   or post
  • [Facebook status update].
  • For individual authors, provide their full first name in square brackets after their initial as this is their social media identity information.
  • For the title, provide the name of the page or the content or caption of the post (up to the first 40 words).

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

LinkedIn Profile

  • Author (name associated with the account)
  • Title of page ( Use the page title in the reference (e.g., “Home,” “About,” “Jobs”).)
  • [LinkedIn page].
  • Retrieved date from: URL ( Provide a retrieval date because the content is designed to change over time and is not archived)

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

  • Author and/or [screen name]
  • (Year posted, month day)
  • Content of the post (up to the first 20 words)
  • [Photograph]
  • Retrieved from URL

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

  • Author and/or [Username]
  • Content of the post up to the first 20 words. Count a URL or other link, a hashtag, or an emoji as one word each, and include them in the reference if they fall within the first 20 words. Do not italicize emojis.
  • [Video]  description of the audiovisuals

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Wikipedia is a free online encyclopaedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world. It is not a scholarly source, so your lecturer may not be happy for you to use it as a source in your assignments. Scholarly assignments should generally rely on peer-reviewed and other scholarly work vetted by experts in the field. However, it may be a good starting point for you in your research to find citations to original source materials that you do want to use.

Wikipedia is a constantly changing site, so cite an archived version of the page, if you can (select 'view history' and then the date of the version you used). If it doesn't have a permanent link to an archived version of the page, include a URL for the entry and the retrieval date. The retrieval date is always required because the source material may change over time. 'n.d.' is an abbreviation of 'no date' and it is used as Wikipedia is constantly changing.

  • Title of wiki (in italics)
  • Retrieved date, from URL

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Newspaper article (print)

  • Author (Surname, Initials) 
  • (Year of publication, Month day).
  • Title of article 
  • Title of newspaper (in italics) .
  • Page reference.

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Newspaper article (online)

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

  • Author of entry (if there is one) (Surname, initials)
  • Title of entry.
  • ‘In:’ Editor (initial and surname) (Ed.)
  • Title of dictionary or encyclopaedia  (in italics) .
  • (Edition, page numbers of entry)

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

  • Author (Surname, Initials)
  • (Year of submission).
  • Title of thesis (in italics) .
  • (Type of thesis or dissertation)  e.g. Unpublished Master's thesis
  • Degree awarding body, location (if unpublished)
  • Name of database or archive, URL  (if published)

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

  • Title of data (version)   (in italics)
  • [Type of work]  (i.e. dataset)

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Government Publication

  • Name of Government Department
  • Title (in italics)
  • (Report Series and number) (if available)
  • Place of publication: Publisher (if in print)
  • URL (if online)

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Company Report

  • Title of report . (in italics)
  • Place of Publication: Publisher or URL 

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

  • Name of authority or organisation.
  • Number and title of standard (in italics) .
  • Place of publication: Publisher (if in print) .
  • URL (if accessed online)

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Conference Paper (in edited book)

  • Title of the contribution paper
  • In: Name of editor or conference chair (Initial, Last name (Ed (s).)
  • Title of conference proceedings (in Italics)
  • (Page numbers)
  • Place of publication: Publisher

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Conference Paper (Journal)

  • Author of paper
  • Title of paper
  • Title of Journal (in italics)
  • Issue information (volume, issue, date)

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Conference Paper or Poster Presentation 

  • (Year, month of conference).
  • Paper or Poster presented at Title of conference: Subtitle of conference

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Images, illustrations, photos (print)

If you are citing an illustration, figure, diagram or table, start with the source in which it appeared. In your in-text citation, give the page number and any caption number that will help to identify the illustration, using the terminology in the book or article (for example, illus./fig./diagram/logo/table). The reference list entry will be for the whole article or book.

In-text citation:

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Reference List:

In the reference list, you list the book in which the image is found:

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

When you include an image or photo in your text, as well as citing the source, you will also need to include a caption and list it in a Table of Figures ( click here for more information ). Images you created yourself don't have to be cited, but should still be included in the list of figures.

Image, illustration, photo or table (online)

  • Creator  (Surname, initial(s))
  • [Internet handle] (if appropriate)
  • Title of image, figure, illustration or table 
  • [Type of image]. (image, chart, diagram, graph, illustration or photograph)

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Photographs (Online Collection)

  • Photographer
  • Title of photograph/video (or collection) 
  • [Type of image].  

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

If you viewed an image in person rather than online (e.g. in a museum or gallery), the source information is different. You will need to include the name and location of the institution where you viewed the image.

  • (Year of creation)  (if available)
  • Title of the work (in italics)
  • [Format description]  (in square brackets)
  • City, Country: Institution or collection that houses the work

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

If you haven't seen the artwork in person and saw it online, use the website in the location part of your reference.

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

  • Originator (Name of organisation)
  • Sheet number, scale.
  • Publisher (if different from author)
  • URL (if viewed online)

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

It can often be hard to find accurate information about images accessed online.  However, if you do need to cite an image with no author, date or title listed, there are ways around this.  For untitled images, include a description of the image, in square brackets, where the title would usually go. If there is no publication date, add “n.d.” in place of the date, and add the date that you accessed the image.

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

  • Curator(s) (Surname, Initial(s)) .
  • (Year or years ran).
  • Exhibition Title [Exhibition].
  • Museum name,
  • City, Country.
  • URL of exhibition website (if available)

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

When the curator is unknown, move the title of the exhibition to the author position of the reference.

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Exhibition Catalogue

  • Artist (Surname, Initial) (or Gallery/Institution).
  • [Exhibition catalogue].
  • City of publication, Country/State: Publisher.

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

  • Director(s) (Surname, Initial) (Director) &
  • Producer(s) (Surname, Initial) (Producer)
  • (Year of original release).
  • [Description]. (e.g. Film)
  • Country of origin: studio.

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Film (from Streaming Service)

  • (Year) (in round brackets)

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Online Video

  • Creator (Surname, Initial). [Screen name].
  • (Year, Month day).
  • Title of video [Video file]

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

TV Programme

  • Producer(s) & Director(s)
  • (Year, Month day)
  • Title (in italics) [Television broadcast].
  • Place of broadcast: Name of broadcaster.

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Episode of a TV Series

  • Writer (surname and initial(s)) & Director (surname and initial(s))
  • (Date of broadcast or copyright)
  • Title of episode [Television series episode]
  • Producer (initials and surname)
  • Series title (in italics)
  • Place of publication: Production company

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Radio Programme (Online)

Presenter (Surname, Initial) (Host).

  • ( Year, Month Day of broadcast).

Title of programme [Description i.e. Radio broadcast ].

Place of production: Broadcast channel.

Retrieved from URL (if heard online)

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

  • Name of primary contributor (Host or Producer)
  • Title of podcast (in italics)

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Lecture Notes

Notes you took during a lecture or class handouts that are not posted online are not retrievable by someone else, so do not belong in your reference list. Instead, you treat them like personal communication and just refer to them in your text.

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Lecture Notes or Powerpoint Slides (online)

  • Lecturer (Surname, Initial(s))
  • Course/Module and T it le of lecture [Lecture notes or PowerPoint slides]. (in italics)

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Recorded Lectures/Talks

  • Author (Surname, Initial(s))
  • (Year, Month).
  • Title of lecture [file format].

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Online Course or Massive Open Online Course (MOOC)

  • Instructor(s)  (Surname, Initial(s))
  • (Year of course creation  if known ).
  • Title of course [format].
  • Site that holds the course

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Open Educational Resource

  • Author  (Surname, Initial(s))
  • (Year added with Month day).
  • Retrieved date from URL

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Music on CD or Vinyl

  • Writer ( Surname, Initial ).
  • Title of song
  • [Recorded by Artist (Initial, Surname or Band name, if different from writer) ].
  • Title of album (in italics)
  • [Medium of recording].
  • Location: Record Label.

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Music Streaming

  • Name of artist.
  • Title of album/track (in italics)
  • [Description; Name of streaming service].
  • Record Label

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

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Table of contents

Additional guidelines for apa headings, how many heading levels should you use, when to use which apa heading level, section labels vs headings, sample paper with apa headings, using heading styles in word or google docs.

As well as the heading styles, there are some other guidelines to keep in mind:

  • Double-space all text, including the headings.
  • Use the same font for headings and body text (e.g., Times New Roman 12pt.).
  • Don’t label headings with numbers or letters.
  • Don’t add extra “enters” above or below headings.

Scribbr Citation Checker New

The AI-powered Citation Checker helps you avoid common mistakes such as:

  • Missing commas and periods
  • Incorrect usage of “et al.”
  • Ampersands (&) in narrative citations
  • Missing reference entries

sample literature review apa format 6th edition

Depending on the length and complexity of your paper, you may not use all five heading levels. In fact, shorter student papers may have no headings at all.

It’s also perfectly fine for some sections in your paper to go as deep as five levels, where others use only heading level 1.

Heading level 1 is used for main sections like “ Methods ”, “ Results ”, and “ Discussion ”. There is no “ Introduction ” heading at the beginning of your paper because the first paragraphs are understood to be introductory.

Heading level 2 is used for subsections under level 1. For example, under “Methods” (level 1) you may have subsections for “Sampling Method” and “Data Analysis” (level 2). This continues all the way down to heading level 5.

Always use at least two subheadings or none at all. If there is just one subheading, the top-level heading is sufficient.

In addition to regular headings, APA works with “section labels” for specific parts of the paper. They’re similar to headings but are formatted differently. Section labels are placed on a separate line at the top of a new page in bold and centered.

Use section labels for the following sections in an APA formatted paper :

  • Author note
  • Paper title
  • Reference page

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APA heading example (7th edition)

Instead of formatting every heading individually, you can use the “Styles” feature in Word or Google Docs. This allows you to save the styling and apply it with just a click.

The first time you use APA Style, you need to update the default heading styles to reflect the APA heading guidelines. Click here for the instructions for Microsoft Word and Google Docs .

An added benefit of using the “Styles” feature is that you can automatically generate a table of contents .

Cite this Scribbr article

If you want to cite this source, you can copy and paste the citation or click the “Cite this Scribbr article” button to automatically add the citation to our free Citation Generator.

Streefkerk, R. (2022, October 24). APA Headings and Subheadings | With Sample Paper. Scribbr. Retrieved February 22, 2024, from https://www.scribbr.com/apa-style/apa-headings/

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Raimo Streefkerk

Raimo Streefkerk

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IMAGES

  1. Essay Basics: Format a Paper in APA Style

    sample literature review apa format 6th edition

  2. 😊 Example of apa literature review. Review of literature example apa

    sample literature review apa format 6th edition

  3. 💐 What is apa format for a paper. APA Format Overview. 2022-11-06

    sample literature review apa format 6th edition

  4. Sample of apa format paper 6th edition

    sample literature review apa format 6th edition

  5. APA (6th edition) Referencing Style

    sample literature review apa format 6th edition

  6. 19+ APA Literature Review Examples in Word, Google Docs, PDF

    sample literature review apa format 6th edition

VIDEO

  1. How To Write APA Format Essay For Writerbay

  2. LESSON 78

  3. HOW TO CONDUCT ARTICLE REVIEW

  4. Learn How to Write an Article Review with Examples

  5. SAMPLE LITERATURE REVIEW AND STUDIES

  6. APA Format

COMMENTS

  1. Literature Review

    It should: Have a particular focus or theme to organize the review. Discuss the significant academic literature important for that focus. Compare, relate, and contrast different theories and findings. Reflect trends over time. Be written in a legible academic style, leading logically from idea to idea. Paraphrases your findings.

  2. PDF Running head: APA SAMPLE PAPER AND STYLE GUIDE (6

    Annotated APA Sample Paper and Style Guide for Student Writers (6th Edition) Center and double-space your title, author(s), and institutional affiliation in the top half of your first page (p. 23).

  3. APA Format (6th ed.) for Academic Papers and Essays [Template]

    Knowledge Base APA Style 6th edition APA format for academic papers (6th edition) APA Format (6th ed.) for Academic Papers and Essays [Template] Published on November 6, 2020 by Raimo Streefkerk . Revised on September 4, 2023. This article reflects the APA 6th edition guidelines. Click here for APA 7th edition guidelines.

  4. Literature Review: Conducting & Writing

    Steps for Conducting a Lit Review; Finding "The Literature" Organizing/Writing; APA Style; Chicago: Notes Bibliography; MLA Style; Sample Literature Reviews. Sample Lit Reviews from Communication Arts; Have an exemplary literature review? Get Help!

  5. Writing a Literature Review

    Purdue OWL Research and Citation Conducting Research Writing a Literature Review Writing a Literature Review A literature review is a document or section of a document that collects key sources on a topic and discusses those sources in conversation with each other (also called synthesis ).

  6. APA Formatting and Style Guide (6th Edition)

    APA Stylistics: Basics; APA Headings and Seriation; APA PowerPoint Slide Presentation; APA Sample Paper; APA Tables and Figures 1; APA Tables and Figures 2; APA Abbreviations; Numbers in APA; Statistics in APA; APA Classroom Poster; APA Changes 6th Edition; General APA FAQs; Suggested Resources Style Guide Overview MLA Guide APA Guide Chicago ...

  7. Sample papers

    This page contains sample papers formatted in seventh edition APA Style. The sample papers show the format that authors should use to submit a manuscript for publication in a professional journal and that students should use to submit a paper to an instructor for a course assignment.

  8. APA Sample Paper

    Note: This page reflects APA 6, which is now out of date. It will remain online until 2021, but will not be updated. The equivalent APA 7 page can be found here.. Media File: APA Sample Paper This resource is enhanced by an Acrobat PDF file.

  9. How to Write a Literature Review

    Examples of literature reviews. Step 1 - Search for relevant literature. Step 2 - Evaluate and select sources. Step 3 - Identify themes, debates, and gaps. Step 4 - Outline your literature review's structure. Step 5 - Write your literature review.

  10. APA Style

    The following examples of the most commons types of citations are adapted from the 6th edition (2010) of the APA manual. For additional examples, consult chapter 7 (pages 193-224) of the APA Manual or browse the APA Style online guide at http://www.apastyle.org/index.aspx Last Updated: https://library.famu.edu/literaturereview

  11. Quick Guide to APA Citation (6th ed.)

    Knowledge Base APA Style 6th edition Quick Guide to APA Citation (6th ed.) | In-Text Citation & Reference List This article reflects the APA 6th edition guidelines. Click here for APA 7th edition guidelines. APA style is one of the most common formats for citing sources Other well known citation styles include MLA and Chicago.

  12. Library Guides: APA 6th Referencing Style Guide: Reference list

    Reference List. A reference list lists only the sources you refer to in your writing. The purpose of the reference list is to allow your sources to be be found by your reader. It also gives credit to authors you have consulted for their ideas. All references cited in the text must appear in the reference list, except for personal communications ...

  13. Sample Apa Literature Review 6th Edition [PDF] , resources.caih.jhu

    sample-apa-literature-review-6th-edition 6 Downloaded from resources.caih.jhu.edu on 2020-03-28 by guest Qualitative Research in Practice 2019-01-14 Sharan B. Merriam A practical introduction to qualitative research across fields and disciplines Qualitative Research in Practice offers a hands-on introduction to qualitative research design, methods, data,

  14. APA Sample Paper

    Download the free Acrobat Reader Note: The APA Publication Manual, 7th Edition specifies different formatting conventions for student and professional papers (i.e., papers written for credit in a course and papers intended for scholarly publication).

  15. PDF A short guide to APA 6 style for referencing

    edition was published in 2010. 1. In-text citations These appear in the body of your work. APA style uses the author-date method of referencing. In-text citations will mostly appear in the following format: (author's last name, year of publication, page numbers if needed) E.g.

  16. Examples of References in APA (6th ed.) style

    DOIs can be found in database records and the reference lists of published works). Books with a URL or a DOI can be referenced like this: Author/editor (Surname, Initials) (Year of publication) Title of book (in italics) (Edition) (if not the 1st edition) DOI or Retrieved from URL.

  17. Literature Review

    Library Research Guides Literature Review APA Style Citation Guide 7th Edition APA Guidance Literature Review Literature Review via APA Style.org "a narrative summary and evaluation of the findings or theories within a literature base. Also known as 'narrative literature review'. "

  18. APA Headings and Subheadings

    This article reflects the APA 7th edition guidelines. Click here for APA 6th edition guidelines. Headings and subheadings provide structure to a document. They signal what each section is about and allow for easy navigation of the document. APA headings have five possible levels. Each heading level is formatted differently.

  19. APA-6th-Edition-Literature Review Template

    View Essay - APA-6th-Edition-Literature Review Template from NRS 433V at Grand Canyon University. Running head: LITERATURE REVIEW 1 Literature Review Darlyne Nezier Grand Canyon University: NRS ... This was followed by 40 qualitative interviews with a volunteer, multi-disciplinary sample of health professionals. Doctors submitted few reports, ...

  20. Title page setup

    This guidance has been revised from the 6th edition. Related handouts Student Title Page Guide (PDF, 263KB) Student Paper Setup Guide (PDF, 3MB) Student papers do not include a running head unless requested by the instructor or institution. Follow the guidelines described next to format each element of the student title page.