How to Make a 9-Page Booklet out of Paper

how to make books with paper

Make an Easy Nine-Page Paper Booklet

You can make an easy paper booklet from one sheet of rectangular paper/A4 paper. This kirigami book is a great little DIY project to make with kids,

Use origami folding techniques to divide the paper into 16 sections, and then cut along certain folds to end up with a nine-page paper booklet.  Kirigami is an art form related to origami where you cut the paper.

You may want to use some glue at the end to make it more secure.

There are endless ways that this little paper book can be used, some examples include:

  • Make a handmade book instead of a greeting card, decorating it for a special occasion. This can be a very personal, elaborate, and fun way to give someone a special gift that they will hold on to and cherish.
  • Use this little Kirigami book to make a flip book with little moving animations.
  • Make a miniature book for your child's dolls. There are many lovely techniques to make antique style miniature books.

You can use any size paper, even square. If you do use square paper, the book will turn out square, too.

Make the First Folds

Start with your rectangular paper, with the color you don't want to see facing up.

  • Fold the paper in half, and then unfold.
  • Next, fold the bottom edge up to the top edge.
  • Again, fold the bottom edge up to the top edge, and then unfold.

Cut Along the Red Dotted Lines

  • Fold the right edge and the left edge to the central crease and unfold. Unfold the paper back out.
  • Cut along the red dotted lines that are indicated in the diagram.
  • Start from the top right section, fold it to the left, and make a concertina, like an M shape with the sections until you reach the left side.

Concertina the Paper

  • Fold the top left section down behind the lower section.
  • Continue to concertina the paper, flipping it behind at each end.

Finish Your Booklet

  • If you need to make the booklet sturdier, glue the sections that have gaps. There are three of these sections.
  • Your booklet is now complete.

You can make a cover for your little paper book by getting some thicker paper, cutting it to just a little taller than the book, and wrap it around the book. Leave some extra paper on each end to tuck in, just like a real book jacket.

You can take it a step further and glue the spine together, or glue the back of all of the sections, making a very sturdy little book.

More from The Spruce Crafts

  • How to Make Origami Lucky Stars
  • Easy Traditional Origami Letter Fold
  • Fold a Square Paper Into Fifths
  • Easy Origami Envelope Instructions
  • How to Make an Easy Origami Dollar Shirt
  • How to Make a Cute Origami Sail Boat!
  • How to Make Cute Origami Fish
  • Easy Rectangle Origami Box Instructions
  • How to Make a Folded Paper Gift Box
  • How to Make DIY Gift Bags
  • How to Make a Beautiful Origami Napkin Rose
  • Make an Origami Hexagonal Letterfold Using A4 Paper
  • Easy Origami Bow Tie Tutorial
  • How to Make an Origami Birthday Card
  • How to Make a 3-D Origami Apple
  • How to Make a Basic Paper Airplane

Teach Beside Me

How to Make a Book With One Piece of Paper

This post may contain affiliate links.

how to make books with paper

All you need is one sheet of paper and a pair of scissors and you can make a mini 6-page book for any purpose that you can dream up.  Your kids will adore this simple craft.

Watch How to Make it Here:

How to Make a Book With 1 Piece of Paper

how to make a book with 1 piece of paper step 1

4. Repeat with the other side. Crease the folds tightly.  When you place the paper on the table, you should see a W when you look at the end.

folding a paper book

5. Cut the center of the W along the center fold. You’ll be cutting through two layers of paper and stopping at the cross fold. This is the only cut you will need to make to make this book!

how to make books with paper

6.  Fold it the hotdog (long) fold again and push the cut open section together.  Press the folds tightly.

paper book

See More Ways To Learn and Play with Books:

Paper Bag Book Craft

Easy Homemade Book

Book Activities for Kids

Homemade Book Caddy

Former school teacher turned homeschool mom of 4 kids. Loves creating awesome hands-on creative learning ideas to make learning engaging and memorable for all kids!

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Thank you for sharing this book folding tutorial. I am pinning this.

Thanks for sharing this! My girls love to make books and color but usually use hundreds of pieces of paper. This will work wonderfully! I am going to pin this too! Thanks, Tonya

Just wanted to let you know how popular your post has been on pinterest. I pinned it last night at 6pm and it has been repinned 89 times! Everyone loves the idea. Good job!

I love your tutorial for this- thanks

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Blog • Book Design

Last updated on Jan 16, 2023

How to Make a Book: Build a Beautiful Hardback by Hand

When we talk about how to make a book in 2024, we often talk about exporting files to Kindles and other ebook readers. But what about the old-fashioned art of making a book by hand? Some say that bookbinding is a dying art — but we reckon it’s due for a comeback.

In this post, we’ll show you how to make a beautiful book. Not just any blank tome but a beautiful novel, memoir, or non-fiction book — formatted to a professional standard, and bound in a hardback cover. And the best part is that it should cost you no more than fifteen or twenty dollars!

So if you’ve written a piece of fiction or non-fiction and you want to know how to make a copy that you can gift to someone special (or have as a keepsake), simply follow all the steps below. Or if you’re looking to create a blank notebook, feel free to jump straight to step four .

How to make a book:

1. Compile the content for the project

2. format the pages, 3. print the book on paper, 4. assemble the binding for the spine, 5. create the cardboard book cover, 6. join the pieces to make your book, 7. design a dust jacket.

how to make books with paper

Here's what you'll need:

  • Printing Paper (A4 or Letter Size), uncoated 70-80 gsm
  • 2 sheets of decorated paper (A4 or Letter size), 90-100gsm
  • Elmer’s glue (or PVA Glue)
  • Hot melt glue gun  (they cost, like, ten bucks)
  • Craft knife
  • Large bulldog clips
  • Good-quality material or paper (for your cover)
  • Thin fabric (large handkerchief, perhaps, or a purpose-made  bookcloth )
  • Metal ruler
  • High-quality cardboard

Once you have these 'ingredients' in place, you're ready to learn how to make a book.

This is where we digitally typeset your book of choice and arrange the pages in a way that will help us seamlessly bind it. There are a few pieces of software that will allow you to typeset a book. However, we will recommend you use the Reedsy Book Editor, for three reasons:

  • It creates professional-grade print-ready files that are easy to read
  • It requires no training and has next to no learning curve

It just so happens to be made by our team at Reedsy — but that’s how we know that it'd be one of the best tools for the job, even if it wasn’t free. It automatically creates your copyright page and handles text like a dream. To see how to use the editor to format your book , check out this video made by our designer, Matt:

ZF6MHRgMQIo Video Thumb

Tip: If you want to create your own special edition of a classic title, head to Project Gutenberg and download the text to thousands of titles now in public domain.

When you export your book, you’ll get a number of trim size options. Select Digest (5.5” x 8.5”), which is exactly the size of a piece of Letter paper folded in half.

Choose your trim size

Then, once you’ve exported your file as a PDF, you can then move onto the printing process.

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If you were to tear almost any hardcover edition apart, you will see that they’re actually made up of individual booklets of paper bound together by glue or thread. These are called folios , and they’re made up of folded ‘signatures.’

What is a signature?

A signature is a single piece of paper with pages of text printed on both sides. They are folded (and sometimes cut) before being assembled into a folio – which is essentially a booklet.

Fun fact: The number of pages in a folio is always a multiple of four — often 16 or 32 pages. That’s why you often see blank pages at the end of a book.

how to make books with paper

For our project, the signatures will be single sheets of letter-sized paper with two pages printed on each side. We will assemble eight signatures into folios that house 32 pages of our book. Because of how each piece of paper nestles into this arrangement, each signature must be printed in a specific order — and we'll show you how to do that.

Download Adobe Acrobat Pro

Seeing as we’re dealing with PDFs, why not use the tool created by the people who invented the PDF?  Adobe Acrobat Pro is a paid-for tool, but the good news is that just about all Adobe’s creative software comes with a free 30-Day trial.

Once you’ve downloaded the software, open the PDF file.

Make sure your pages are labeled correctly

When you first open the file in Adobe, select “Organize Pages” to see all your pages laid out.

how to make books with paper

The first thing you’ll need to check is that all the pages are numbered correctly. If you see the page numbers go back to 1 after the front matter (title page, copyright page, etc), you will need to reset the page labels so that it will print properly:

how to make books with paper

If this is the case, right-click the first page and choose 'Page Numbering.' Then where “Selected” is highlighted, change the setting to 'All.'

how to make books with paper

This will then label all the pages sequentially and you’re just about ready to print!

how to make books with paper

Print your book in 32-page booklets

Hit ‘Print,’ and you will see the option to print a booklet that will properly arrange your book into signatures. However, to make sure you don’t just crank out a single unwieldy booklet, print the book 32 pages at a time. Here's how you do it:

  • Select 'Pages' and type in 1 - 32.
  • Under 'Page Sizing & Handling,' select 'Booklet':

how to make books with paper

  • Then print out pages 1 -32.
  • The pages will need to be printed on both sides of the paper. If your printer supports ‘duplex printing’ it will automatically print on both sides. Otherwise, you’ll need to flip the papers halfway through.
  • You will now have the first 32 pages printed out.
  • Pages 33 - 64
  • Pages 65 - 96
  • Pages 97 - 128
  • And so on….

You may wish to print out multiple copies. If you slip up later in the process, you won’t have to start all over again. Or, if you want to give it a few tries to make a perfectly bound copy, this will give you that leeway.

Top tip: If this sounds too complex, you can go to your local copy shop (Kinkos, et al) and explain to the assistant what you're doing. They'll be more than happy to help.

Choosing the right paper

A massive part of the reading experience comes from feeling the paper under your fingers as you flip through the pages — so selecting the right paper stock is essential. If the paper is too thin and light, the more delicate it will be during the binding process. Choose a stock that's too heavy and thick, then you’ll have trouble folding the signatures (and preventing your novella from looking like a doorstop).

You can source your paper online. Or, even better, go to a stationery store where you can get your hands on the stock before you buy it. If your aim is to create a book that feels professional, our advice is to look for a paper stock that’s:

  • 70 or 80 gsm (grams per square meter)

If you like the idea of using recycled paper — that’s great. Just check out a sample before you commit to buying a ream.

You should now have your entire book printed and separated into folios made of eight sheets of paper (upon which 32 pages are printed).

Take the sheets that pages 1 - 32 are printed on and carefully fold each page in half — taking care to do it in the right direction. Then carefully assemble them in the right order and use an open stapler to secure them together like so:

Stapling Book Binding

You can staple them on a folded bath towel or an old pair of jeans so that you don’t damage your table. You will also have to bend the points of the staples with your own hands (or using a metal ruler, if you want to spare your fingers).

Between folios, you will want to alternate where you place the staples on the spine so that they don't bulge in places. You can arrange them as in the diagram above.

You will want the pages to be folded as tightly as possible — to achieve this, you can join them with an elastic band and then compress them under a stack of hardbacks and other heavy objects. If you want to, you can leave them there overnight.

And there you have it: your entire book, in a stack of 32-page folios.

how to make books with paper

Now it’s time to bind these folios together. In some bookbinding processes, stitching is used to join the folios, but in our case, we will use hot glue.

Keep your stack of folios neatly in order with your bulldog clips. Apply hot glue along the spines of the folios — taking care not to use too much glue so that it drips between the folios.

How to make a book: gluing the spine

Before the glue cools, apply the fabric to the spine. The fabric should only be affixed to the spine edge of the book — the sections that fall over the front and back cover should be free. Secure the fabric and the folios with bulldog clips.

make a book trim

In the best case scenario, you will only have to trim the edge opposite the spine.

Use your stack of folios to measure out two identical hardcovers on your pieces of cardboard. They should ideally be a millimeter-or-so larger than your pages.


Then, measure out a spine. This should have the same height as your front and back covers, while the width of the spine should equal the thickness of your bound folios AND both covers.

make a book, creating the spine

Using Elmer’s (or PVA) glue, affix the front and back cover and spine to the book cover paper or material. Leave one-and-a-half times the thickness of the card between the covers and spines). There should also be an inch of extra material around all sides. Make sure that the glue is spread evenly, and use a credit card to push out any bubbles that may have formed.

Glue hard covers make a book

Apply more glue to the inside of the cover and wrap the material around like so:

how to make books with paper

This part is a little delicate and will have a lasting impact on readability. The bound folio will now be attached to the hardcover. The loose wings of fabric on both sides of the spine will be affixed to the front and back covers using Elmer's glue.

Warning:  No glue should touch the spine board or the fabric on the spine of your bundle. Make sure they don’t stick together in any way.

how to make books with paper

Let these dry for an hour or two. Keep the covers open and clear of the pages. The best way to do this is by lying it on its back and propping the body up using other hardbacks.

Take the decorated lining paper and trim it so that it can be glued flush with the first page. Then when the book is ready, apply a thin layer of glue to the front cover and the first page, and stick on the lining paper. (Note that the amount of glue shown in the diagram is just for illustration purposes. Use just enough adhesive to cover the entire surface and ensure a solid stick.)

Repeat this process with the back cover.

how to make books with paper

Once you've joined all the pieces of your book together, an optional but highly recommended (and fun) final step is to design a stunning dust jacket for it. Not only can a dust jacket tie the project together (and protect your cardboard hardcover from damage), but it also adds a finishing touch to make your self-made book match any professionally-made book on the market.

A naked hardback can be beautiful on its own, but the common practice is to create a dust jacket that captures the essence of the book and clearly highlights what it's all about. Perhaps you've made your own version of your favorite public domain book because you can't find any covers that you like? This is your chance to rectify that.

You can design a dust jacket by yourself in book cover design software such as Canva or InDesign, or you can hire a professional designer to make your final product pop on your shelf.

how to make books with paper

Meet the best designers in the industry on Reedsy

And give your book a professional cover that readers will love

Learn how Reedsy can help you craft a beautiful book.

And there you have it! A beautiful work of art that will take pride of place on your bookshelf — and you made it all by yourself. Congratulations!

If you have any questions about making a book or using Reedsy’s formatting tool, drop us a comment in the box below.

Gabriella L Garlock says:

10/04/2018 – 22:12

This is really cool! just to know the directions are out there. I have studied bibliography, but it was long ago and of course it's an art some think is on the way out. Anyway, I've been making my own books with varying levels of finesse since I was a child, so there's a visceral satisfaction to the know-how. It would be interesting to have instructions on the stitching option as well, but I suspect we use the wrong kind of paper these days.

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How to Make an Origami Book

By dena mcmurdie.

Hand-crafted books make beautiful, personalized gifts. These mini origami books are super adorable and much easier to make. Here’s how to create your own!

What You’ll Need :

  • Blank paper
  • Scrapbook paper or cardstock for cover

What to Do :

Step 1 : Take a blank piece of paper and fold it in half lengthwise so it makes a long, skinny rectangle. Open the paper back up.

Step 2 : Fold the paper it in half widthwise so it makes a short, fat rectangle.

Step 3 : Fold the top flap in half, aligning the bottom edge of the paper to the top fold.

Step 4 : Flip your paper over and do the same to the other side. Your paper should form a W shape.

Step 5 : Use scissors to cut along the center crease, stopping at the valley of the W.

Step 6 : Fold the paper in half, following the previously made creases.

Step 7 : Bring the sides together to form a booklet.

Step 8 : To make the cover, lay the book open on the back side of a sheet of scrapbook paper or cardstock. Trace the outline of your book.

Step 9 : Cut out your cover and fold it in half. Run a small amount of glue around the inside edge of the cover and slide the booklet inside. You may need to press the finished book under something heavy (like another book) for a few minutes.

All done! You can leave it the way it is or add embellishments to make it your own. If you used blank cardstock for the cover, draw your favorite comic-book character on the front or add wiggle eyes, feathers, and a beak to make it look like a bird. Make a collage of your favorite photos, or decorate it with glitter glue, markers, or stickers. Use your imagination!

Want a book with more pages? Make multiple booklets by following steps 1-7, glue the booklets together, and then add your cover. Just make sure your cover is big enough to hold all your pages inside.

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Babble Dabble Do

How to Make Books with 5 Simple Book Binding Methods

August 1, 2023 by Ana Dziengel 1 Comment

Today we are going to make handmade books out of recycled materials AND learn  5 simple book binding methods . Handmade books and journals are a great recycled craft that uses up leftover paper and artwork. Or if you are a recycling fanatic, all that scrap paper you’ve been collecting…

Getting started with bookbinding:

I love making books! I have made numerous portfolios for myself over the years, notebooks with the kids, accordion style books , and simple stapled notepads and I’m excited to share some super easy tips for bookmaking here today. Bookbinding does not have to be complicated! The methods in this post are easy enough for kids to use too! They will be amazed that they can make their own books at home.

Before we talk about book binding methods I want to mention a few common terms you will find in the bookbinding world:

  • Cover: The front and back of a book. The cover is usually made from a thicker, more durable material to protect the thinner pages inside. The materials you can use for a cover are endless! Consider cardboard, watercolor paper, plastic sheets, cereal boxes, chipboard, old artwork, postcards, greeting cards etc.
  • Spine: The side of the book where the pages are held together. In a typical print book the title of the book is displayed on the spine so that when the book is on a shelf it can easily be identified. Most homemade books don’t have spines thick enough to include a title on the spine but it’s something to consider.
  • Signatures: Stacks of pages bound together in small sections. To make a thicker book, signatures are stacked together and then bound.

What types of books can you make?

There are so many wonderful types of books kids can make using DIY bookbinding methods. Here are some ideas:

  • Journals (that’s what we’ll be making)
  • Homework Reminders
  • Mini Cookbooks
  • Booklets to showcase a topic
  • Comic books

We will start by making a handmade journal. Make a bunch to have handy when you need them!

5 Simple Book Binding Methods

Part 1: assemble the inside pages.

For the book:

  • Scrap paper: old notebooks, artwork, envelopes with clasps, chipboard inserts, and old plastic folders, for more ideas scroll down to the end of this post.
  • Exacto/Straight edge OR Paper cutter OR scissors

For the binding:

  • 3 hole punch
  • Binder clips
  • Rubber bands


  • Step One: Choose your cover and paper.  Select the piece of artwork or the paper you would like to use as the cover.  Assemble all the scrap paper you will be using in the book.
  • Step Two: Figure out the size of your journal.  If you are including envelopes, chose the one you would like to use and base the size of your journal off of it. Otherwise think about how you will be using the book and base the size off of that. Notepads can be long and thin, diaries should be thicker and the pages should have ample writing space, etc.
  • Step Three :  Cut everything down to the same size. The easiest way is to use a paper cutter/rotary cutter but please ask an adult to help since these are dangerous! If you don’t have a paper cutter, an Exacto knife and a straightedge may be used, also with adult help/supervision. The safest options is scissors but this method is time consuming and the edges won’t be completely straight.
  • Step Four: Assemble your book.  Depending on how you want the final book to look you can vary the paper types by shuffling them. Alternatively if you want to create sections of your book you may want to keep the same type of papers together. Get creative! If you include envelopes make sure to rotate them so that the bottom of the envelope is along the binding edge and you can open and close the envelope
  • Step Five: Add covers.   Place your selected and trimmed artwork on top as the front cover. Select heavyweight card stock or chipboard for the back. You can also cut out a piece of lightweight plastic from an old folder for the back cover. To make the cover open easily, lightly score the BACKSIDE of the cover about an inch from the binding edge to make it easy to bend back.
  • Step Six: Punch holes. If you will be using a binding method involving holes through the pages, now is the time to punch holes using a hole punch. Always test the hole locations on a piece of scrap paper before making holes in all your sheets. You want them to be in a good location! If you are using a binding method that does not involved punched holes you can skip this step.
  • Step Seven: Bind it  There are so many simple binding options for homemade books. See 5 of our favorites below.

Part 2: Simple Book Binding Methods

The following are 5 simple ways to bind a book. When choosing the type of book binding to use consider the number of pages you have. The method you choose will depend on how thick the final book will be and how accessible each page needs to be, i.e. do the pages need to lay flat or not.

  • Staple + Duct tape: This is a great option for books that are not to thick. If you have a heavy duty stapler, though, you can use this for thicker books. Staple the pages together along the binding edge about a half inch from the edge. Now cut a piece of duct tape about an inch longer than your book. Place half the tape on the front of the book, covering the staples, wrap the tape over the edge of the book and around to the back. Burnish it with your fingertips. Now trim off the excess tape with scissors.
  • Hole Punch + Brads: If your book is a little thicker this is the way to go. Use a 3 hole punch to make holes along the edge of your book. Using a 3 hole punch allows you to align the holes as you punch through multiple pages and sets of paper. You may need to adjust the hole spacing to your book so always punch a few test sheets first! Add brads through each hole and bend them back.
  • Binder Clips: These make a super simple and cool looking bound edge. Make sure to score the front cover so it can easily open. And depending on how long the binder clips are you may have to bend them back when you want to open the notebook.
  • Book rings: These can be purchased in any office supply store and are good for thicker books with sturdy pages. All you need to do is punch a hole  in one corner and place a book ring through the hole. Done! The binding is loose and removable should you need to take sheets out or reorganize. For this project we used some great free bookmarks from our visit to the space shuttle this summer.
  • Rubber Band + Stick : I love this method for binding books because it is so easy but looks very neat and “designy” when done. All you need is a thick rubber band and some type of stick. You can use a stick from the garden, a wooden skewer, dowels, even pencils! Just make sure the stick you choose is the length of the edge you are binding or a little shorter. To bind a book using this method punch two holes through all the pages, one near the top of the binding edge and one near the bottom. Flip the book over, fold your rubber band, and thread one end of the rubber band through the top hole and one through the bottom hole. Flip the book to the front. Now place your stick through each end of the rubber band. You’re done! For this book I used some of our Marbled Milk Paper for the cover; if you want to make some of your own pop over here for the full tutorial .

If you want a more durable bookbinding method there are several inexpensive options available at most copy centers. Here are some types of book bindings you can expect to find at a copy center (these are all spiral-bound books):

  • Coil Bind : The next time you are at Staples, FedEx Office or your local copy shop ask them to coil bind your book. The most common coil is made from black plastic.
  • Wire Binding: Similar to coil biding but the coil is made from metal wire. This option looks very professional and if you are lucky there may even be different colors of wire available.
  • Comb Binding : My dad used to have a comb binding machine and I loved to use it to make books! Comb binding is a thicker plastic binding that can be reopened even after a book is made. It’s a bit less durable than a spiral binding but you have more flexibility if you want to add or rearrange pages after you have bound the book.

More cool ideas for your homemade notebook:

  • Perforate it!  Note: Do this before you bind the book and don’t perforate the covers. If you know someone who sews, ask him or her to run the sheets of your book through a sewing machine without thread. Leave a half-inch seam allowance and a stitch setting of 2 or 3. Run only a few sheets at a time and use a heavy-duty needle. Viola! Now your paper can be easily torn out of your notebook!
  • Sew it! Run  your finished book through a sewing machine using colorful thread. Make sure to glue the trimmed end of the thread so your book doesn’t unravel. This is good for thin books and folded books, where you fold larger sheets in half to create signatures
  • Get Creative with Paper! Don’t be confined by looking for paper, think of other materials that would make great covers for your journal.  Here are some ideas: Cereal boxes or other food packaging boxes, leftover cardboard mailers, greeting cards, packing materials like corrugated chipboard, large paint chips, junk mail postcards, what else????

Inspired to make a book yet?  I hope these 5 simple ideas for how to bind a book and the loads of options for what to include in a handmade journal inspire you to make some recycled books of your own!  Next time you are about to toss a half used notebook or the gazillionzth piece of art you don’t now how to display, recycle it into a journal!

Check out some more DIY book ideas here on Babble Dabble Do:

  • I Love You Books
  • Day-Glo Books
  • Instagram mini books

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How to make a book from one piece of paper – no glue!


  • Art Activities

I’m going to show you how easy it can be to make a book from one sheet of paper. Nothing fancy required here, and within minutes you’ll have an 8-page book, art journal, or sketchbook. These are simple enough for kids to make with little assistance.

How to make a book from piece of paper

Once the one-page book is made, decorate the cover with paint or collage (shown here) or drawing. Multiple books can be glued together, front to back cover, to create longer books.

YouTube video

1: Fold the paper in half, the long way or hot dog style.

2: Open the paper and fold it the short way, or hamburger style.

3: Keep the paper folded and fold the paper one more time in the same direction.

4: Open the paper and you’ll have eight sections.

Folding a book from one piece of paper

5: Fold the paper in half again, the short way, and cut along the middle crease in just one section.

6: Open it to make sure the section is cut.

7: Hold the creases on either set of the cut and push the paper until it forms a book

8: Press down all the folds to help the book lie flat. Decorate however you like!

Folding a book from one piece of paper

That’s all there is to it. After you’ve assembled it, you’ll either have an 8-page book or a 6-page book with front and back covers!

Once your one page book is made, fill it with stories, notes, or art. Join our monthly art journal challenge (and grab the free monthly guide!). Once you have the guide, print it out and fill the pages of your mini book with drawings, paintings, or collages inspired by the daily art inspiration. You might also like to follow the TinkerSketch art challenge on Instagram.

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how to make books with paper

How To Make Handmade Books With Simple Binding Methods?

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What are the Materials Needed to Make Handmade Books?

A book is an important form of interaction between both the reader and the writer. Prior to the invention of the printing press, books were mostly handcrafted, inscribed with royal designs and patterns and were a combination of loose sheets of paper tied together using strings or a piece of cloth.

With the upsurge of technological devices, the ancient craft of binding handmade books saw a decline.

However, it still remains an archaic and fascinating form of crafts used by individuals all over the world to add a personal touch to the content produced.

old paper machine

If you are here to learn or explore some such unique methods, then you have come to the right place. Here, you will learn about various types of bookbinding-related methods, easy steps to implement them, and create your own personalized notebook and a few video tutorials that will help you learn the art conclusively.

An extra tip for you is to use loose leaf papers when personally binding a book.

Loose leaf papers are loose sheets of paper that come in various sizes and pre-punched holes that are best for purposes such as note-taking in class, assignments, arts and crafts, sketching and drawing, journaling, diary entries, and even office-related work.

How To Bind Loose Leaf Papers To Make A Notebook?

  • Easy DIYs To Make Different Types Of Paper At Home
  • Ultimate Buying Guide To The Best Loose Leaf Binder Paper

They have been globally used due to their ease of removal or addition of papers to the already existing stack in case of editing or updating.

Now that you know most of what is needed, let’s dig in and explore the various types of bookbinding methods and how you can put them into use with basic materials available at home.

Let’s begin!

DISCLAIMER:  PaperCanyon is reader-supported. If you make a purchase through links on our site, we may sometimes earn a commission at no additional cost to you. As an Amazon Associate, we earn from qualifying purchases.

Types of Bookbinding Methods

When it comes to the styles of bookbinding, the sky is the limit! You can creatively stimulate your thoughts with ideas by having a glance at various methods of bookbinding. You can pick any one of the following methods which you think suits your purpose the best:

  • Saddle Stitching

Saddle stitching is primarily used for books with a lesser page count and is thus comparatively thinner. It is the simplest form of bookbinding in which pages are stapled together after folding. It is used for single-issue comic books, workbooks, calendars, catalogs, booklets, workbooks, and magazines as most of them have a smaller page count.


  • Perfect Binding (Softcover)

Perfect binding is another bookbinding method used for trade paperbacks and softcover books. For this type of binding, loose leaf papers are folded, gathered, sewn, and glued onto a cover. This gives the binding a squared-off spine.

  • Case Binding (Hardcover)

Case binding is nothing but hardcover book binding. In this method of bookbinding, loose leaf papers are folded, gathered, and sewn. Post which a ‘case’ is made by folding and gluing a printed sheet of paper around at least three pieces of greyboard. After this, the pages are glued onto the case using a few extra sheets of paper called endsheets. This results in an entirely casebound book.

  • Board Bookbinding

You must have observed board bookbinding mostly on children’s books. For this type of bookbinding method, pages are printed on a thick paperboard. They are then gathered onto a thick bookblock that has a printed spine. However, this method is not used with loose leaf papers.

  • Wire Binding

Wire binding is a method of bookbinding in which loose leaf papers are wired together mechanically. Here, pages are assembled together, trimmed and holes are punched along one side. The holes being punched, of course, also depends on whether you are using loose leaf papers and if so, then how many punched holes does it contain. Later on, a wire is inserted and clamped down through these holes. This type of binding is often used for manuals and cookbooks.

  • Spiral Binding

Spiral binding is mostly done at stationery stores or other paper stores, but this can be as easily done at home if you have the right equipment and time. In this type of binding, pages are assembled together and trimmed, and holes (if not using loose leaf paper) are punched on one side of the stack of papers. A plastic spiral is then threaded down through these holes. Spiral binding is yet another type of binding that is used for manuals and cookbooks primarily.

Wire binding and spiral binding have both been traditionally used at bookbinding stores or paper stores, and are rarely used to produce homemade notebooks. Furthermore, these are not the only methods used to produce simple notebooks, but these are the most commonly used types. You will come across a few of those in the tutorial videos available below.

Now that you know about all types of bookbinding methods, let’s learn the ancient art of handmade bookbinding and how to master it. Let’s go old school because that is the best kind of school, right?

Simple Bookbinding Methods

There are various simpler than ever bookbinding methods that can be used to produce an authentic piece of art.

Materials required:

  • 3-punched holes loose leaf paper/ Normal Paper
  • Cotton thread
  • Compass (to make holes in the sheet of paper if you are using normal paper)
  • Needle threader (optional)

Saddle Stitch Bookbinding: Going old school to make something new!

You already know what saddle stitch bookbinding is. So let’s practically find out how you can creatively infuse that into your everyday life and create a spectrum of wonder.

Procedure :

  • In order to produce a bound book using this method, you will require four to six sheets of loose leaf papers, or plain papers and a single sheet of card that will make the cover.
  • Fold all the sheets of loose leaf papers/ plain papers in half. If it is an A4-sized sheet, then fold it down to turn it into an A5-sized sheet.
  • If you are using plain paper, then you need to punch holes in it. On the other hand , if you are using loose leaf paper then you can skip this step. Take a compass and mark the center of the folded paper. Now, make two more marks equidistant from the center of the paper on either side of the crease of the folded line. Now, push your compass through these holes.
  • Now, place this plain sheet on top of another one to punch holes at the exact same place. This would avoid misplaced holes and make the process of sewing easier and hassle free. Do this for all the plain sheets of paper including the card.
  • Get ready for some needlin’ around. Get your needle and start stitching by placing it at the center and then pushing it to the back of the book. Push it back through the top hole to the center and repeat the process for the lower hole.
  • Repeat this process one more time if you are not satisfied with the strength of the stitches sewn.
  • Tie a knot once you are finished and trim off the excess thread.

Japanese Stab Easy Bookbinding

Japan is already renowned for its paper arts such as origami. It does not lag behind when it comes to bookbinding, be it with plain paper or loose leaf paper. Let’s learn how to make this culturally infused handbook to give it an elegant and authentic appeal.

  • In order to produce a book using this method, you will require six to eight sheets of loose leaf papers or normal paper, and two single sheets of card that will make the cover.
  • If you are using plain paper, then you need to punch holes in it. On the other hand, if you are using loose leaf paper then you can skip this step. Mark a 15 mm margin on the page using a ruler. Now, mark 15 mm at the top and bottom of this margin. Divide the distance between these two marks into three by marking another two points on the margin.
  • Take the compass and punch holes on all four points. Use this page as a template for another one and continue this process until you have marked all the sheets, including the card covers.
  • Now, hold the book carefully and securely. Thread your needle from the center hole at the bottom end through to the front side of the book. Pull tightly and hold on to the end of the thread.
  • Sew the thread around the spine and back through the same hole, thus making a loop. Push the thread on to the other hole at the center and pull it tight.
  • Sew it around the spine of the hole, then down towards the backside of the book and up from the topmost hole. Pull the thread tightly.
  • Now clamp the thread towards the bottommost hole, the only one that is yet to be sewn. You can do this by successively sewing your way down to the last one.
  • Just repeat the process in reverse.
  • Upon completion, put on a tight knot at the back end of the book, and your culturally prolific Japanese Stab Book Binding is ready to use!

For further clarification, you can use the image provided below.

Japanese Stab Easy

Videos of Bookbinding Tutorials

In order to help you grasp the concept of bookbinding better, we have compiled a few DIY tutorial videos. Have a glance at what you like, and start experimenting!

DIY Perfect Bookbinding Tutorial | Sea Lemon

This tutorial consists of two ways of binding books with easily available materials including paper (which can be replaced with loose leaf papers) and PVA glue.

The tools used for this purpose are clips (binder, bag, or hair clip will do just fine), a book press (alternatives include vice or clamps), and a glue brush.

After gathering the materials, you will learn how to align the paper, apply glue and ensure that the papers (or loose leaf papers) stay in one place upon completion. You can design the cover with your own creative skills.

DIY Kettle Stitch Bookbinding Tutorial | Sea Lemon

The video starts with yet another alternative video by the same YouTuber – Sea Lemon – on ‘DIY Textblock for Case Binding’ in which a case is made out of stitching and sewing papers together.

Kettle stitch binding is mostly used for casebound books and the stitching portion is done before applying glue to make the entire textblock, or notebook.

While watching, please keep in mind that this tutorial is only for the stitching portion of the notebook. If you would like to learn how to proceed with various other crafts of bookbinding that come afterward, then you can watch other tutorial videos by the same YouTuber under ‘Bookmaking Project Playlist | Sea Lemon’.

The tutorial further teaches you various techniques of tying the paper, how to tie knots such that the notebook does not disintegrate and such. So what are you waiting for? Click on the link and begin your creative sojourn.

French Link Stitch Bookbinding | Sea Lemon

If you are looking for a chic and stylish sewn pattern for your notebook, then stitch the French Link Stitch.

It is a criss-cross pattern across the spine of the notebook which provides an archaic look to the casing of the notebook.

The supplies needed for this book could be a tad bit high maintenance but the end product is definitely worth it.

You will require the following supplies: cardstock, letter size paper, binding needle, thread, Beeswax, scissors, and POSCA paint pens.

In this tutorial, you will also learn how you could design your cover pages, the precise measurements necessary to make a French Link Stitch Notebook, and how to bind the papers using a thread.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the size of loose leaf paper.

Loose leaf paper comes in various sizes starting from A4, A5 and A6. The standard size of a loose leaf paper is 10 x 8.5 inches. The size that you pick will usually depend on the type of work you are doing. For example, A4 size is generally used by high school or university students to make notes and practice math. A6 is a commonly used journal size and can be turned into a travel journal, a personal journal or for diary entry.

What are various other ways to bind loose leaf paper?

Loose leaf paper can be bound in various ways if you would like to add a personal touch and make your own binding. You can use the saddle stitching method for making thinner notebooks (4 to 6 sheets per notebook; excluding the card covers) or the kettle stitch method to make thicker notebooks.

You can also use the perfect binding method for softcover books and the case binding method for hardcover books. Again, this entirely depends on the sort of notebook that you are looking to create.

Can I bind a loose leaf paper book using a stapler?

Yes, you can bind a loose leaf paper book using a stapler. All you need is a stapler and some duct tape. You can staple the pages together and use duct tape across the spine of the book to give it a chic appearance. You can use red duct tape on a black stapled sheet of paper to give it a creative spurt, or any other color of your choice. Do keep in mind that this method is used for small amounts of loose leaf papers, or plain sheets of paper.

What is a loose leaf notebook?

A loose leaf notebook is a notebook made out of loose leaf papers. It is easier to make a notebook out of loose leaf papers because if need be papers can be added or removed from the notebook being used at hand.

What is the simplest method to bind paper to make a notebook?

The simplest method to bind paper to make a notebook is through book rings. They are available at any office supply store and come in bunches. If you have loose leaf papers, then all you have to do is insert the ring through the holes to clasp the papers together. You can also unlock the ring in case you want to update something on a sheet of paper located in-between.

Can I make a journal out of loose leaf papers?

Yes, you can make a journal out of loose leaf papers. The preferred size for this purpose is A6, and loose leaf papers are available in stacks and various styles – leatherbound or colored – and come with pre-punched holes which makes the process of compilation all the more easier.

Now that you know various ways to make handmade books, I am sure you will try this at your home or your workplace and create some wonderful and beautiful books with simple binding methods.

You can refer to Wikipedia to know more about book binding.

I am sure you might have your own ways to do your book binding.

You can share those tips and techniques here in the comment section for others to benefit from it. We will also try to include it in our article on “ How To Make Handmade Books With Simple Binding Methods?” when we next update this article.


Avni Deopura

Content Writer

An SEO Expert, a Prolific Content Writer, and a dreamer currently pursuing a postgraduate degree in Master of Science in Psychology from St. Joseph’s College of Arts and Science. She is working as a  Content Producer  and  Social Media Analyst .

End of –  “ How To Make Handmade Books With Simple Binding Methods? ”

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Capitol Romance ~ Practical & Local DC Area Weddings

  • DIY Tutorials

DIY Tutorial: Paper Roses from Books or Sheet Music!

  • December 21, 2011
  • 3 minute read


I have seen these beautiful paper roses all over Pinterest and wedding blogs alike, but I am now ecstatic to get to share an actual , step-by-step tutorial on how to make these gorgeous paper flowers !!

These little beauties could make for one amazing, offbeat DIY bouquet [ a similar DIY paper flower bouquet here ] , or just use them a beautiful centerpiece idea for a party . Regardless, these flowers rock my socks & I cannot wait to find an excuse to make some [ more than likely from pages of a Harry Potter book, of course ]. A special thanks to Maryland wedding photographer, Photography by Susie , for making & sharing this awesome DIY tutorial with us!

DIY Tutorial: How to Make Paper Roses from Book Pages


Materials :

Tutorial Instructions:

Step 1 . Start by cutting the paper into 4 inch squares.Unfortunately, I didn’t have a paper cutter or a ruler [yes, I couldn’t find one anywhere in the house. :P], so I just guessed at the measurements. The important thing though, is to cut three pieces of paper the same size. [I tried for a 4″ piece, and I think I got pretty close.]


Step 2. After you cut three pieces the same size, you’ll fold them all the way I did below. First you fold them in half like this…


Step 3. Then, you fold them again, and again, so they’re a nice little triangle.


Click inside to see the rest of our DIY Paper Flower Tutorial!

Step 4 . Take your pencil, and draw a pattern on there, so you’ll cut the top rounded, and then cut the tip off, as well.  Use this one as a pattern for your other two pieces.


You should have three pieces cut out, looking like this when you unfold them.


Step 5 . The next step is to cut one petal out of one, two petals out of the next one, and three petals out of the next. You should then have something that looks like this…


Step 6. Take some glue, and put it on one petal, then you’ll take the next side and overlap petals to make it stick.


You will glue all the pieces, except for two: the piece with one petal, and the piece with two.


Step 7 . Here is where the toothpick comes into play. Take the toothpick and use it to curl the petals after you’ve glued them. You’ll also curl the pieces with just one and two petals, and you should end up with the following pieces…[look at the next photo down….]


Step 8. Now you’ll assemble the rose. The piece with 5 petals will go inside the piece with 6 petals, and so on and so forth. To assemble, put glue on the outside of the smaller piece, and place it inside the rose. Alternate the petals, so your petals aren’t right on top of each other. Once you have all the pieces in the rose, let it dry for a bit before you put the twine in for the stem. For the twine, I cut a piece [this had wire in it as well], then just bent the top over so it wouldn’t slide all the way through, slid it through the center of the rose, and it stayed quite nicely.


Step 9 . Once you get the hang of making these, it doesn’t take long. Like, for instance, this bouquet only took me all day. [Just kidding! It probably took me 10 min per flower]. If I would have a paper cutter it would take even less time…


Ta-da!!!!!! PLEASE Let us know if you use this tutorial to make a bouquet for your wedding! We would love to share it here. Also, a special thanks again to the very awesome Susie of Photography by Susie for sharing her paper rose tutorial & images with us!!!

Related Topics

  • DIY paper roses
  • how to paper flowers
  • how to paper roses
  • paper roses from book pages
  • paper roses from sheet music

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Bree Ryback

Owner & sometimes editor of Capitol Romance Blog, founder/lead coordinator of Capitol Romance Wedding Coordination, and owner of the Capitol Romance Shop. I love my husband Andy, my two crazy kiddos, and all things Harry Potter. I am a proud Penn State alum and NJ native loving life in NE Washington, DC.

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holy crap those are so cool! Not just for weddings, but so nice for a house too, instead of spending money on real bouquets. Very creative!

Hey, thanks for creating a paper rose tutorial that is relatively simple and doesn’t cost money (to buy special templates and stuff)! I’ve been looking for one for ages.

Using these in my wedding in October. I’ve started makng them already. Will have pics in October!

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Thank you so much for posting this! I wanted something other than real flowers for my wedding and did a search on Pinterest, and found your instructions. They are very simple to follow and the finished flower looks awesome! I made 3 in about 40 mins…the longest part is cutting for me lol. Again, thank you!

glad you found our tutorial useful!! :)

A friend and I started making these last night, and this tutorial is just awesome! I’m having a science-and-literature themed wedding and cannot wait to sprinkle these around on our tables (and bundled together at the ends of aisles for the ceremony). Thanks so much for sharing!

Megan – so happy you found this useful! Please share a picture of the completed results if you’d like! Bree[at]capitolromance[.]com !

These are amazing! I had been asked to do the decorations for the annual Book and Thimble dinner and these are perfect! Quick and easy to make, thank goodness, as I will be making around 150 of them. Thank you for the wonderful tutorial. Great for those of us who REALLY need good pictures to follow a tutorial.

Most excellent tutorial, exactly what I was looking for!

I work at a library and am in charge of disposing of severely damaged books. A co-worker named Rose is retiring and I was trying to think of a unique gift for her. Came across this great site and am making a boquet from discarded books. Rose has a little dog named Peanuts so I will put some peanuts in a clear vase and put the roses in it. Thank you so much for an easy and clear tutorial that even a craft-challenged person can follow through to a successful result!

Wow awesom…..!!! That was d easiest and d best…. Muuahh!!!;)

What am I doing wrong? Every time I try to cut the petal design, I keep getting just a bunch of little bits of paper instead of the flower with the whole in the middle like you have. I need some more clear, strict directions!

Kristie – you are more than likely cutting the petal out on the wrong edge of the folded paper. Make sure you are cutting, starting on the edge that has the fold.

Hi, I don’t know if anyone responded to you but I kept having the same issue at the start. I realized it was because I was only folding the paper twice instead of three times. Also make sure that you draw you pattern with the closed folded edge (no open bits) as the starting point for the pencil. Hope this helps :)

Thank you so much for posting this tutorial. I found it while searching for ideas to make a fabric bouquet for my daughter’s wedding. I thought these roses were so pretty and such a great idea; I used old sheet music (love songs, of course) which had belonged to my grandmother to make the roses. They fit beautifully among the satin, lace and burlap. I am currently making more to include in bouquets for my great niece and my brother’s fiancee. It is a special way for me to include ‘family’ into the bouquets for the bride’s special day.

I would love to see photos– sounds amazing!

In addition, is there a type of twine to use for the stem you recommend with wire in them? The suggested twine would not permit the flowers to stand in a vase.

Would love to see sample centerpieces with the flowers.

Thank you, Jessica

I’ve just got to say – I found this tutorial when I was looking for alternative options for flowers for my wedding a year ago. I then spent the next year slowly making dozens and dozens of these flowers. And they came out AMAZING – I used pages of a second hand copy of Harry Potter (because I’m a geek) but the one thing that EVERY, single person at the wedding mentioned was the flowers. I have had so many people ask me how I did them that I just keep sending them the link to this page. Honestly, they came out better than I could have expected and they looked incredible!

Thank you Nicola! So happy the tutorial helped you and thanks for sharing. So happy to hear they turned out to be such a gorgeous addition to your wedding :)

I am using this tutorial with comic books for my superhero themed wedding on Oct 23. Thank you so much for making an easy to follow tutorial!! I will try to figure out how to post pics of the bouquets once they are done!

I’d love to see that!!! Comic book pages sounds AWESOME.

Thank you so much! I found at least four different tutorials and tried two of them before I came across your site. The others were just too complicated and I was getting so frustrated. This was so simple and easy! I think I’ll actually have fun making them now!!

Hello, these are beautiful! Can you tell us how to make the stem? I want to make my bridal bouquet with these. :)

I made my wedding bouquet based on this template. If i could figure out how to attach a picture, I would. We added jewel centers to the roses (bought ofline). They were VERY fragile, but everyone said how gorgeous it was. We used pages from the first book my husband ever read to me, and made them together. It was really special. Thank you so much for the excellent guide.

feel free to email us a picture to share!!! :) glad the tutorial helped!

AHH! I love these! Like many others that have posted on here, I’ve been looking for instructions that were simple and easy to follow. I’m doing these for all of my girls bouquets for the wedding. Can you tell me exactly what kind of twine you used for the stems?

Thank you!!

How could I incorporate colour into these? Specifically lavender and mint. I’ve tried dying pages (they turned out blue), I’ve also tried all different methods of making ribbon roses and had them fall to pieces in my hands.

Please please post or send more pictures of how to do the center three layers (1, 2, and 3 petals). I don’t think I’m doing them correctly, and my roses keep turning out wonky. It’s been a thorn (ha) in my side. I need to do as many as I can – probably a few hundred – so please respond as quickly as possible. Thank you!

Jolie – check our updated DIY Roses from Paper tutorial (featuring water color paper) and a lot more pictures:

Thank you so much!

This has saved me! I made my bouquet already and am working on the ones for my bridesmaids. Thank you!!!

Had bookmarked this page a while back to come back to and make as home decorations but none of the images appear to be available anymore :( Please could you re-upload them?

Hi Nia- sorry about that. Post has been updated!

Loved using this. Used watercolors on the paper to make them the color I wanted, and it turned out great!

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This is very thoughtful! Will be back to go over this again!

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How to Make a Booklet from Paper

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Are you looking for a low-cost alternative to your spiral-bound notebook? Or, alternatively, are you just looking for an environmentally friendly craft project for a child? No matter what you need, there's an easy-to-make paper booklet that's right for the job! With little more than a few folds, you can make a great-looking booklet for all your note-keeping, memory-saving, and child-entertaining needs. For the most basic booklets, all you'll need is a pair of scissors and a piece of paper. See Step 1 below to get started!

Making an Eight Page Mini-Booklet

Step 1 Fold an 8 1/2 x 11

  • To be perfectly clear, you want to make a cut from halfway up the folded side of the paper to the exact center of the paper. In other words, since your folded paper is divided into four quarters, your cut should go between the two quarters on the right side of the folded paper.
  • Add flowery, old-fashioned trim work around the edges of the front and back covers.
  • Add page numbers and/or the booklet's title at the tops of each page.
  • Use stickers or glue-on decorations to give your booklet flair.
  • Keep things plain and dignified by simply writing your name and the title of the booklet on the front cover.

Making a Paper Bag Booklet

Step 1 Grab three or more lunch bag-style paper bags.

  • You don't specifically have to use lunch bags for this booklet — you're just looking for skinny paper bags with a "flap" at the bottom that allows the bag to stand upright when it's opened. As long as all your bags are the same size and shape, you can make a booklet using almost any of this type of paper bag.

Step 5 Add more bags for more pages.

  • If you stick with just three bags, your booklet will have a total of 10 pages once it's completed.
  • In your booklet, the bag flaps can function as "fold-out" sections. In other words, if you want to, you can put extra information under the flaps. Alternatively, you can tape or glue them down to give your booklet a more traditional feel.
  • If you're handy with a sewing machine, you can alternatively use one to stitch the folded edge of the booklet together. If you do this, be careful not to put your stitches too close to the book's "spine" or you risk missing some of the innermost pages.

Making an Origami Booklet

Making your initial folds.

Step 1 Grab origami paper.

  • If you don't have any square paper handy, you can trim a standard 8 1/2 x 11" piece of paper to make an 8   1 ⁄ 2 inch (21.6 cm) square piece by cutting three inches from the longer side. Be precise and use a ruler to aid your measurements. You're going to be making lots of intricate folds, so having a paper that's as close to perfectly square as possible will be a big help in the long run.
  • If you're using patterned origami paper, the "doors" should have this pattern. If they're plain, you may have made an error in your folding.
  • Making this sort of fold is a little trickier than folding a section of paper in half or into quarters. There are a few different ways to do this — the easiest is probably to think of the top half of the doors as one single unit and fold the top edge down until it appears that the unfolded paper below is about the same thickness as the doubled-up portion, then fold and adjust manually until you get your proportions just right.
  • Repeat for the opposite direction to fold an "X" shape into the top portion of the paper.
  • When you're done, your paper should be divided by vertical folds that form triangle shapes at the bottom.

Folding Your Booklet into Shape

Step 5 Fold the top of the paper down to form a rectangle.

  • Alternatively, for true origami authenticity, try sliding the lower tab of each cover flap into the pocket along the back of the book. This secures each cover in place without the use of adhesives, which any origami master wouldn't be caught dead using.

Community Q&A

Community Answer

  • If you want a bigger booklet, use bigger paper. Thanks Helpful 29 Not Helpful 21
  • When you make your folds, try to make them as even and as crisp as you can! Thanks Helpful 20 Not Helpful 20
  • If you need more pages, cut of the ends of the booklet. Thanks Helpful 19 Not Helpful 24

how to make books with paper

  • Make sure that when you are in the process of cutting, you immediately stop at the very middle of the paper. Otherwise, you will have a messed up booklet. Thanks Helpful 33 Not Helpful 13
  • When you are done, make sure not to trim the side with the crease and the top of the booklet, or it will fall apart. Thanks Helpful 28 Not Helpful 17

Things You'll Need

  • Scissors (if you don't have scissors then you can tear it gently)
  • String or ribbon
  • Sewing machine (optional)

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About This Article

To make an 8-page mini booklet from paper, first fold a sheet of paper in half hamburger-style. Unfold the paper, and now fold it in half hotdog-style. When you open up the paper, you should see equal quarters. Fold both edges of the paper to the center crease so it looks like a set of double doors. Unfold your paper and you should have eight sections. Fold the paper hamburger-style again and use scissors to cut along the crease, dividing the paper horizontally until you reach the midpoint, so you will eventually be left with a front and back page. Open up the paper and make a hotdog fold. Take each end of the paper and push them toward the center so that the inside sections fold outward and the paper collapses together. To finish the booklet, take the left end of your paper and fold it across itself. You should see that your booklet looks like a little accordion of paper with front and back covers as well as a strong crease on the left edge as a “spine.” For more tips, including how to make a booklet out of paper bags, scroll down! Did this summary help you? Yes No

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Bind Your Own Paperback Books With Ease


Introduction: Bind Your Own Paperback Books With Ease

Bind Your Own Paperback Books With Ease

Have you ever written an entire book, novel, or even a series of them and then printed them out via your computer? Well, after you did that, where did your stack of paper go? Did you put it in a folder, add a giant paper clip or clamp, or did the stack just make it into a corner of your room? I have included a simple way to bind your books that doesn’t cost you an arm and a leg. This process only takes about five minutes and could definitely improve the way your own books are stored. Let’s see how it’s done. Photos are by Nathan De Stephano. Needed: • Book Binder (or two big phone books) • A4 Paper • Printed Pages • Printed Cover • Gorilla Glue • Cotton Ball

Step 1: Step One

Step One

Print your book out on A4 paper. You can buy a ream of 96 pages from staples for as low as $10.29 a piece. It may be better get thicker 24 pound pages (the one spoken about before is 20 pounds) to ensure the ink doesn’t bleed through. If you would like a smaller-sized book, cut the 8.5 by 11 sheets of paper in half. The size of the pages doesn’t change the process.

Step 2: Step Three

Step Three

Use a cotton ball to wet the spine with water. Make sure the spine is damp before using the cotton ball to apply Gorilla Glue. Leave it to dry. While it’s drying, print out your cover or make sure it is ready to go. It could be printed on heavy card stock in legal size.

Step 3: Step Four

Step Four

Now it’s time to add the cover. Fold the edges of the cover before you bind so there is no difficulty when folding over the cover around the pages. When the glue is dry on the pages, remove the heavy book or the book binder in this case, and add the cover. Add a little bit more water and spread the glue down the spine. Repeat the folding of the cover over the pages, and clamp it back down to dry.

Step 4: Final


Now your book is bound and ready to go. You can be creative with your covers by using different fonts or colors or anything you want. You could even create yourself a journal and draw on the cover. Whatever you choose to do, have fun and make it personal. About Author: Miscelleana Rhinehart is a lover of books and enjoys writing them when she isn’t writing online classifieds for used Toyota dealers or crafting her own books herself.


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How To Turn Any Book Into A PDF Or eBook

We may receive a commission on purchases made from links.

Nowadays, many people prefer digital books over their physical copies, and for good reason. Digital books don't take up space in your bag or table, can be conveniently accessed from virtually anywhere, and are searchable, which makes them ideal for referencing later (it can take time to find specific passages in a physical book, but mere seconds on an eBook). Unfortunately, you won't always find a digital copy of the book you need, especially if it was published way before computers. In such cases, you might want to convert that physical book into a PDF or eBook that you can then read on the eBook apps on your iPhone or Android.

There are several ways of doing so. You can use your phone, a traditional flatbed or sheet-fed scanner, or a modern smart book scanner. However, keep in mind that while you can digitize a copyrighted book, it doesn't necessarily mean you can freely distribute it. Make sure to use your digital copy for personal research or archival purposes only.

Read more: 12 Smart Gadgets You Didn't Know Existed

Method 1: Using A Document Scanner Mobile App

One of the easiest and cheapest non-destructive ways to create a PDF/eBook from your physical book is with your smartphone. All you need to do is install a document scanner app , available on the App Store or Google Play Store, and you can start digitizing your book. These apps work by photographing each page, compiling the captured photos into a single document, and saving the document into specific file types, such as PDF, Microsoft Word, and JPG. Adobe Scan is among the top choices for scanning physical books as it comes complete with a tool dedicated to such purpose. Here's how to use the app:

  • Download and install Adobe Scan on your phone.
  • Launch the app.
  • Sign in with your email or Google, Facebook, or Apple account.
  • Allow access to your camera.
  • Tab on the Book tab to change the capture mode. This lets you capture both book pages simultaneously, but Adobe Scan will separate them into different pages in the compiled document.
  • Open your book and line the spine with the dotted line in the middle of the screen.
  • Tap on the capture button. By default, Adobe Scan will also take photos of your book automatically once it detects the presence of the pages.
  • Once you're done, tap on the photo preview in the lower right of the screen.
  • (Optional) Use the editing tools to modify each photo.
  • Tap on Save PDF to save the document.

Method 2: Using A Traditional Scanner Paired With A PDF Compiler

Using a scanner app can be tricky; you might have blurry and unusable photos. If you want a better-quality PDF/eBook, you can go the manual route by using a high-volume scanner to manually scan the pages of your book. You can then convert and compile these images into a PDF using your preferred software. You can use the online tool JPG to PDF , where you can upload up to 20 images and convert the JPG files into a single PDF , or install the free Pixillion Image Converter on your computer.

There are two types of scanners you can use: flatbed and sheet-fed. For the flatbed scanner, you need to scan every page separately. This can result in a slow and tedious digitization process. For the sheet-fed scanner, on the other hand, you'll have to go through the extra step of de-binding your book (melting the glue on the binder with a heat gun to separate all the pages). However, this can be faster than using a flatbed scanner since modern sheet-fed scanners can scan both sides of the paper at the same time. Highly-rated scanners on Amazon include the Epson Perfection V39 II , Canon CanoScan Lide 300 , and HP DeskJet 4155e Wireless Color Inkjet Printer with Scanner for flatbed scanners and Brother DS-740D Duplex Compact Mobile Document Scanner , Canon imageFORMULA R40 , and Epson WorkForce ES-50 Portable Sheet-Fed Document Scanner for sheet-fed scanners.

Method 3: Using A Smart Book Scanner

Depending on your book's length, you might spend hours digitizing it using a document scanner app or a flatbed/sheet-fed scanner. These techniques are not only time-consuming, but there are also instances when you can't capture the entirety of the page because of the book's curvature. You'd have to flatten the book as best you can or de-bind it completely. If you're looking for a quicker and more efficient digitization process that also addresses concerns about curved pages, a smart book scanner is a more suitable option for you.

Smart book scanners use HD cameras and other sophisticated imaging technologies to take high-quality images of the book pages. This accelerates the process into minutes instead of hours (some smart book scanners claim to scan a 300-page book in under ten minutes). This type of scanner also features automatic page flattening for minimizing page distortions, optical character recognition (OCR) for analyzing a text-filled image and converting it into an editable format, and a dedicated app that eliminates the need for third-party software. You can use the app to set your scanning preferences and create a PDF of the captured images. Popular smart book scanning options include CZUR Shine Ultra , VIISAN DL8 , and IRIScan Desk 5 PRO . However, it's important to note that smart book scanners can cost more than traditional scanners, with high-end models priced at upwards of $600.

Read the original article on SlashGear .

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Infinite Craft: How to Make One Piece

Infinite Craft enables you to combine two elements together to create almost anything you can imagine, including the One Piece anime.

Infinite Craft is Neal. fun Games' latest title to take the world by storm, going viral for the endless amounts of surprising and wacky fun it brings to players. In this title, you can fuse any two available elements to create a new outcome and further develop certain concepts.

Among the things available to craft and discover in the game are numerous amusing and hilarious pop culture references, such as iconic TV shows, video games , and beloved characters. You can even create the extremely popular anime One Piece . However, to create this element, you will need to follow two recipes to form the needed components.

Pokemon in Infinite Craft

Infinite Craft: How to Get Pokemon

How to make one piece in infinite craft, explained.

To make One Piece in Infinite Craft , you will need to combine the elements of Pirate and Anime . However, to discover both of these elements, you will need to follow a crafting recipe for each concept that involves many different elements along the way. If you're having trouble reaching the element of One Piece on your own, feel free to refer to the instructions below.

How to Make Anime in Infinite Craft

How to make pirate in infinite craft.

Now, you'll finally be able to combine Pirate and Anime to result in One Piece . However, the fun doesn't have to stop there. As it turns out, you can even craft certain characters from the show , too. Here are a few discoveries made by pairing random elements with the One Piece component.

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Infinite Craft

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How to make Infinity in Infinite Craft

Image of Andrew Highton

To infinity and beyond! It’s no longer just a popular catchphrase—now you can create your very own Infinity thanks to the powerful tools and versatility of Infinite Craft , so let’s show you how.

Ever wanted to create your own President ? Or Kanye West ? The sheer endless possibilities in Infinite Craft , thanks to its use of AI , lets you craft countless items and combinations.

Above all, though, the Infinity recipe might be the pick of the bunch. Not just because of the sheer scale, size, and magnitude of the concept, but because it requires close to 500 elements to make.

Infinity recipe in Infinite Craft

elements for infinity in infinite craft

The final two elements to finish up the Infinity recipe are “ Forever ” and “ Lake .” The first of these is apt, as it will take you almost forever to craft the Infinity element. Simply put, according to the geniuses behind Infinite Craft Solver , Infinity requires 439 steps if you’re beginning from scratch.

If you’re committed, dedicated, and perhaps just really, really bored, here’s the recipe in its entirety:

  • Water + Wind = Wave
  • Fire + Wind = Smoke
  • Earth + Water = Plant
  • Fire + Water = Steam
  • Earth + Wind = Dust
  • Water + Wave = Tsunami
  • Plant + Smoke = Incense
  • Plant + Wave = Seaweed
  • Earth + Steam = Mud
  • Plant + Water = Swamp
  • Wave + Wind = Storm
  • Fire + Steam = Engine
  • Dust + Wind = Sandstorm
  • Dust + Earth = Planet
  • Steam + Wave = Surf
  • Smoke + Steam = Cloud
  • Incense + Tsunami = Poseidon
  • Mud + Seaweed = Mudweed
  • Tsunami + Water = Ocean
  • Plant + Swamp = Venus Flytrap
  • Dust + Storm = Tornado
  • Earth + Tsunami = Island
  • Plant + Steam = Tea
  • Dust + Wave = Sand
  • Engine + Wind = Windmill
  • Earth + Plant = Tree
  • Dust + Plant = Pollen
  • Planet + Sandstorm = Mars
  • Surf + Tsunami = Surfer
  • Sandstorm + Wind = Dust Storm
  • Cloud + Engine = Jet
  • Earth + Fire = Lava
  • Engine + Plant = Car
  • Engine + Swamp = Train
  • Earth + Engine = Tractor
  • Engine + Seaweed = Submarine
  • Mudweed + Poseidon = Squid
  • Incense + Ocean = Sea
  • Tornado + Venus Flytrap = Funnel Cake
  • Smoke + Swamp = Dragon
  • Earth + Island = Continent
  • Sand + Tea = Sandwich
  • Tree + Windmill = Paper
  • Pollen + Swamp = Allergy
  • Dust + Mars = Rover
  • Mud + Surfer = Muddy
  • Cloud + Planet = Sky
  • Dust Storm + Tree = Tumbleweed
  • Jet + Poseidon = Jetski
  • Lava + Smoke = Volcano
  • Plant + Wind = Dandelion
  • Car + Engine = Racecar
  • Island + Train = Ferry
  • Submarine + Tractor = Tank
  • Sea + Squid = Kraken
  • Funnel Cake + Swamp = Gator
  • Continent + Dragon = Europe
  • Train + Wind = Zephyr
  • Paper + Sandwich = Wrapper
  • Engine + Planet = Saturn
  • Incense + Swamp = Mosquito
  • Engine + Tree = Wood
  • Allergy + Sand = Hay
  • Funnel Cake + Tree = Maple
  • Muddy + Rover = Dog
  • Sand + Venus Flytrap = Sandtrap
  • Planet + Sky = Star
  • Dust + Incense = Prayer
  • Jetski + Tumbleweed = Cowboy
  • Tree + Venus Flytrap = Carnivore
  • Dandelion + Volcano = Fireworks
  • Continent + Racecar = America
  • Smoke + Water = Fog
  • Incense + Water = Perfume
  • Ferry + Mars = Martian
  • Continent + Tank = Tanktop
  • Gator + Kraken = Gatorade
  • Europe + Rover = Curiosity
  • Wrapper + Zephyr = Candy
  • Mosquito + Saturn = Saturn V
  • Lava + Wave = Stone
  • Storm + Water = Rain
  • Surf + Tree = Palm
  • Dandelion + Water = Wine
  • Earth + Tree = Forest
  • Hay + Wood = Straw
  • Dog + Maple = Squirrel
  • Incense + Sandtrap = Trap
  • Prayer + Star = Angel
  • Carnivore + Cowboy = Vegetarian
  • America + Fireworks = Independence Day
  • Mud + Windmill = Pig
  • Fog + Tree = Ghost
  • Tsunami + Wind = Hurricane
  • Fog + Planet = Venus
  • Martian + Perfume = Stink
  • Gatorade + Tanktop = Athlete
  • Candy + Curiosity = Kid
  • Perfume + Saturn V = Apollo
  • Plant + Stone = Fossil
  • Sand + Tree = Desert
  • Earth + Planet = Moon
  • Tree + Water = River
  • Rain + Submarine = Periscope
  • Car + Palm = Coconut
  • Car + Earth = Tire
  • Mud + Wave = Beach
  • Forest + Wine = Drunk
  • Mosquito + Sandstorm = Malaria
  • Squirrel + Straw = Nest
  • Car + Fog = Accident
  • Angel + Trap = Devil
  • Planet + Tractor = Tractor Beam
  • Car + Island = Parking
  • Independence Day + Vegetarian = Vegetarian Day
  • Ghost + Pig = Bacon
  • Dandelion + Engine = Helicopter
  • Steam + Tsunami = Titanic
  • Earth + Pollen = Flower
  • Ferry + Train = Bus
  • Funnel Cake + Tractor = Tractor Cake
  • Ghost + Jet = Pilot
  • Hurricane + Jet = Airplane
  • Dust + Fire = Ash
  • Train + Venus = Vulcan
  • Athlete + Stink = Sweat
  • Apollo + Kid = Child
  • Desert + Fossil = Oil
  • Moon + Mud = Cheese
  • River + Water = Lake
  • Dust + Engine = Vacuum
  • Coconut + Periscope = Monocle
  • Periscope + Tire = Spy
  • Tractor + Windmill = Farm
  • Beach + Palm = Paradise
  • Dandelion + Plant = Weed
  • Cloud + Tsunami = Rainbow
  • Drunk + Forest = Party
  • Island + Malaria = Panama
  • Accident + Nest = Egg
  • Devil + Paper = Contract
  • Parking + Tractor Beam = Traffic Warden
  • Bacon + Vegetarian Day = Hypocrite
  • Helicopter + Stone = Stonehenge
  • Lava + Sand = Glass
  • Mud + Tsunami = Mudslide
  • Flower + Titanic = Rose
  • Fire + Mud = Brick
  • Venus Flytrap + Windmill = Wind Turbine
  • Bus + Palm = Tourist
  • Fireworks + Tractor Cake = Birthday
  • Airplane + Pilot = Flight
  • Tree + Venus = Apple
  • Ash + Ocean = Salt
  • Poseidon + Vulcan = Cyclops
  • Child + Sweat = Teenager
  • America + Ferry = Liberty
  • Cheese + Oil = Pizza
  • Jet + Plant = Fuel
  • Lake + Parking = Lot
  • Dandelion + Titanic = Iceberg
  • Planet + Vacuum = Black Hole
  • Allergy + Volcano = Sneeze
  • Maple + Monocle = Professor
  • Farm + Spy = Farmer
  • Fog + Paradise = Heaven
  • Ash + Tree = Pencil
  • Train + Weed = Trainwreck
  • Fireworks + Tire = Explosion
  • Rainbow + Weed = Pot of Gold
  • Panama + Party = Hat
  • Contract + Egg = Chicken
  • Hypocrite + Traffic Warden = Politician
  • Glass + Stonehenge = Time
  • Mudslide + Tsunami = Disaster
  • Lava + Mud = Clay
  • Hay + Rose = Sleeping Beauty
  • Brick + Earth = House
  • Jet + Surfer = Ironman
  • Tea + Windmill = Dutch
  • Island + Wind Turbine = Wind Farm
  • Flower + Moon = Night
  • Birthday + Tourist = Vacation
  • Flight + Tree = Bird
  • Seaweed + Stone = Coral
  • Ash + Water = Puddle
  • Moon + Nest = Owl
  • Planet + Stone = Meteor
  • Apple + Maple = Pie
  • Dust + Vacuum = Clean
  • Cyclops + Salt = Tear
  • Drunk + Lake = Swim
  • Liberty + Teenager = Rebel
  • Fuel + Pizza = Delivery
  • Lot + Lot = Village
  • Lake + Paper = Map
  • Black Hole + Iceberg = Dark Matter
  • Sneeze + Train = Snot
  • Incense + Sand = Snake
  • Poseidon + Venus Flytrap = Medusa
  • Farmer + Professor = Scientist
  • Angel + Heaven = God
  • Cowboy + Pencil = Draw
  • Swamp + Tractor = Monster Truck
  • River + Trainwreck = Bridge
  • Explosion + Fuel = Bomb
  • Pot of Gold + Smoke = Leprechaun
  • Chicken + Hat = Chef
  • Bus + Politician = Campaign
  • Disaster + Time = History
  • Planet + Surf = Surfing
  • Cloud + Seaweed = Sushi
  • Clay + Island = Pottery
  • Dandelion + Planet = Sun
  • House + Sleeping Beauty = Castle
  • Dutch + Ironman = Robot
  • Lava + Wind Farm = Geothermal Plant
  • Night + Time = Dark
  • Ash + Earth = Soil
  • Fog + Plant = Mushroom
  • Bird + Vacation = Migration
  • Coral + Stone = Pearl
  • Owl + Puddle = Wisdom
  • Meteor + Stonehenge = Alien
  • Clean + Pie = Whole
  • Swim + Tear = Cry
  • Delivery + Rebel = Strike
  • Map + Village = City
  • America + Dark Matter = Trump
  • Snake + Snot = Booger
  • Medusa + Parking = Ticket
  • God + Scientist = Creation
  • Draw + Explosion = Art
  • Ironman + Maple = Ironwood
  • America + Monster Truck = Freedom
  • Bridge + Tree = Troll
  • Bomb + Disaster = Terrorist
  • Leprechaun + Plant = Shamrock
  • Earth + Mudslide = Landslide
  • Chef + Village = Restaurant
  • Campaign + Ghost = Election
  • Chef + History = Cookbook
  • Sandstorm + Surfing = Sandboarding
  • Poseidon + Rain = Flood
  • Steam + Tea = Teapot
  • Earth + Ferry = Land
  • Rainbow + Venus = Love
  • Pottery + Sushi = Plate
  • Castle + Sun = Palace
  • Stone + Swamp = Statue
  • Geothermal Plant + Robot = Judge
  • Dark + Steam = Shadow
  • Cheese + Soil = Mouse
  • Flower + Paper = Book
  • Mushroom + Tsunami = Mario
  • Dust + Fog = Smog
  • Liberty + Migration = Immigration
  • Dutch + Pearl = Gift
  • Alien + Wisdom = Knowledge
  • Funnel Cake + Stone = Funnel
  • Cry + Whole = Hole
  • City + Strike = Riot
  • Booger + Trump = President
  • Delivery + Ticket = Post
  • Art + Creation = Artist
  • Pig + Pot of Gold = Piggy Bank
  • Malaria + Venus Flytrap = Malaria Flytrap
  • Freedom + Ironwood = Slavery
  • Terrorist + Troll = Internet
  • Bus + Earth = Truck
  • Landslide + Shamrock = Luck
  • Clay + Flower = Vase
  • Election + Restaurant = Voting
  • Cookbook + Fireworks = Recipe
  • Flood + Sandboarding = Fun
  • Swamp + Teapot = Witch
  • Plant + Sandwich = Salad
  • Dandelion + Fog = Fairy
  • Land + Prayer = Temple
  • Love + Tree = Heart
  • Palace + Plate = Dinner
  • Judge + Statue = Justice
  • Mouse + Shadow = Rat
  • Book + Contract = Law
  • Hay + Mario = Strawberry
  • Smog + Wind Farm = Clean Air
  • House + Immigration = Home
  • Gift + Tree = Christmas
  • City + Knowledge = University
  • Car + Funnel = Gas
  • Hole + Politician = Scandal
  • President + Riot = Protest
  • Artist + Post = Poster
  • Malaria Flytrap + Piggy Bank = Money
  • Cheese + Sandwich = Grilled Cheese
  • Internet + Slavery = Social Media
  • Luck + Truck = Fortune
  • Lava + Stone = Obsidian
  • Funnel Cake + Vase = Urn
  • Planet + Sandtrap = Golf
  • Pollen + Seaweed = Kelp
  • Tea + Voting = Democracy
  • Fun + Recipe = Cooking
  • Cloud + Windmill = Energy
  • Salad + Witch = Poison
  • Fairy + Glass = Mirror
  • Heart + Temple = Church
  • Swamp + Train = Monster
  • Dinner + Night = Date
  • Airplane + Justice = Lawsuit
  • Law + Rat = Lawyer
  • Clean Air + Strawberry = Fruit
  • Christmas + Home = Family
  • Gas + University = Chemistry
  • Prayer + Scandal = Politics
  • Immigration + Sweat = Labor
  • Poster + Protest = Protester
  • Grilled Cheese + Money = Rich
  • Fortune + Social Media = Fame
  • Surfer + Vacuum = Dyson
  • Hay + Obsidian = Scythe
  • Submarine + Swamp = Loch Ness Monster
  • Golf + Urn = Coffin
  • Kelp + Train = Bullet Train
  • Cooking + Democracy = Food
  • Energy + Time = Light
  • Hurricane + Steam = Steamboat
  • Cloud + Tractor = Crop
  • Mirror + Poison = Vampire
  • Church + Pie = Piece
  • Date + Monster = Romance
  • Lawsuit + Scientist = Patent
  • Fruit + Lawyer = Banana
  • Chemistry + Family = Dad
  • Labor + Politics = Union
  • Pizza + Protester = Slice
  • Fame + Rich = Celebrity
  • Dyson + Stonehenge = Time Machine
  • Cowboy + Dutch = Yodeling
  • Car + Dust = Rust
  • Night + Party = Sleepover
  • Rich + Train = Orient Express
  • Loch Ness Monster + Scythe = Grim Reaper
  • Bullet Train + Coffin = Coffin Dodger
  • Food + Village = Market
  • Justice + Light = Truth
  • Crop + Steamboat = Cotton
  • Fuel + Vampire = Blood
  • Mosquito + Poseidon = Skeeter
  • Funnel Cake + Hay = Candy Cane
  • Bomb + Piece = Peace
  • Patent + Romance = Invention
  • Banana + Map = Trip
  • Dad + River = Father
  • Steam + Venus = Life
  • Coconut + Dandelion = Hair
  • Slice + Union = Cut
  • Celebrity + Tear = Drama
  • Clean Air + Time Machine = Future
  • Rust + Yodeling = Country
  • Orient Express + Sleepover = Murder
  • Coffin Dodger + Grim Reaper = Death
  • Dad + Market = Grocery
  • Malaria + Sushi = Sick
  • Ash + Pollen = Cough
  • Palace + Truth = Lie
  • Blood + Cotton = Bandage
  • Cloud + Fire = Lightning
  • Golf + Skeeter = Tiger
  • Candy Cane + Obsidian = Diamond
  • Invention + Peace = Silence
  • Father + Trip = Business
  • Dandelion + Golf = Puffball
  • Hair + Life = Mane
  • Chemistry + Cut = Surgery
  • Drama + Gift = Tragedy
  • Country + Future = Nation
  • Death + Murder = Suicide
  • Grocery + Peace = Shopping
  • Cough + Sick = Medicine
  • Athlete + Lie = Cheat
  • Bandage + Ironwood = Nail
  • Lightning + Sushi = Electric Eel
  • Diamond + Tiger = Ring
  • Business + Silence = Success
  • Mane + Puffball = Lion
  • Post + Surgery = Recovery
  • Gas + Tragedy = Comedy
  • Contract + Nation = Constitution
  • Shopping + Suicide = Sale
  • Cheat + Medicine = Drug
  • Electric Eel + Nail = Battery
  • Post + Ring = Mail
  • Lion + Success = Pride
  • Comedy + Recovery = Laughter
  • Constitution + Cry = Amendment
  • Hat + Sale = Discount
  • Battery + Drug = Speed
  • Mail + Weed = Mailman
  • Laughter + Pride = Satisfaction
  • Amendment + Life = Abortion
  • Discount + Professor = Lecture
  • Cotton + Speed = Race
  • Kraken + Mushroom = Soup
  • Lawsuit + Palm = Slap
  • Mailman + Perfume = Stamp
  • Mud + Weed = Pot
  • Stone + Windmill = Flour
  • Clay + Sandtrap = Claymore
  • Internet + Satisfaction = Impossible
  • Abortion + Fun = Funding
  • Delivery + Lecture = Speech
  • President + Race = Racist
  • Slap + Soup = Fight
  • Pot + Stamp = Coin
  • Claymore + Flour = Bread
  • Funding + Impossible = Possible
  • Racist + Speech = Hate
  • Fight + Pilot = Fighter
  • Bread + Coin = Economy
  • Possible + Whole = Potential
  • Fighter + Hate = Enemy
  • Economy + Scandal = Recession
  • Enemy + Potential = Friend
  • Planet + Tsunami = Earthquake
  • Recession + Sandwich = Depression
  • Earthquake + Friend = Fault
  • Depression + Prayer = Hope
  • Monster + Perfume = Beauty
  • Business + Fault = Bankruptcy
  • Hope + Lion = Courage
  • Bankruptcy + Beauty = Ugly
  • Courage + Suicide = Hero
  • Hero + Ugly = Beast
  • Dust + Mosquito = Dengue
  • Beast + Date = Together
  • Dengue + Hay = Fever
  • Fever + Together = Forever
  • Forever + Lake = Infinity

Bravo if you made it to the end of this walkthrough. If you did, you now have Infinity added to your recipe playbook, allowing you to create even more weird and wonderful elements.

You should also check out our list of all Infinite Craft recipes , as it’s ever-expanding, and this looks like a game with plenty of legs.

A loaded screen with recipe crafts in Infinite Craft

Summarize With AI: A Comprehensive Guide

Matt Ellis

Whether you’re researching, searching for sources, or summing up your own writing, AI summarization can make the work go faster. Below we talk about how to summarize with AI: why it’s useful, when it comes in handy, and how to do it yourself.

But first let’s talk about what AI and data summarization is and how automated summarization technology works.

Your writing, at its best Grammarly helps you communicate confidently Write with Grammarly

What is AI summarization?

AI summarization is the use of AI like Grammarly or ChatGPT to provide a brief synopsis of a larger document. By using AI for quick information processing, you can read short summaries of long works to see if they contain what you’re looking for before you commit to them. You can also use AI and data summarization for your own writing as a shortcut to condense your own points.

How to summarize with AI

Automated summarization technology works just like other AI: It all starts with AI writing prompts . An AI prompt is the command a user types into the message window that tells the AI what to do and explains the details, such as the topic or length. The wording of your AI prompt is crucial to getting the results you need.

First you need to research AI tools to find one that suits you. When you’re ready, tell the AI to summarize what you need. If it’s a shorter document or passage, like an email, you can copy and paste the text directly into the AI message window. If it’s a longer work, like a book, you only need to mention the title, as the AI should be able to reference it from the internet. If it’s a website or an online article, you can paste the URL in the prompt window.

The writing prompt doesn’t have to be complicated, but it should include everything the AI needs to know. A basic AI summarization template prompt could be as simple as:

Summarize this text: [paste copied text] .

Summarize [title of document] .

Summarize the text here: [URL]

However, you’ll get more precise results if you add more details.

Summarize The Count of Monte Cristo in three paragraphs, using language a third-grader could understand.

One last tip—it’s best to include all the information the AI needs in a single message. Some AI tools treat each message as an independent session.

AI document summarization: Books, articles, emails, etc.

AI document summarization has a variety of uses, including practical applications in research and more personal conveniences in everyday life.

Using AI in content analysis is perhaps the most common use. When conducting research for academic writing like a research paper , you don’t have time to read every potential source to see if it has what you want. Instead, you can use AI to summarize both primary sources and secondary sources to reveal if they fit your research topic.

You still need to read the final sources to find the key information (summaries don’t typically cover those details). Still, AI summarization can narrow down your sources so you only have to read the ones you think are relevant.

AI summarization can also make your daily life easier by giving you the gist of materials so you don’t have to read or watch them yourself. For example, if you’re behind on your emails, AI email summarization can sum up particularly long messages so you don’t have to read each one word for word.

Summarizing with AI can even help you choose which books to read or movies/TV shows to watch, although if you don’t phrase your prompt carefully, you might get spoilers. Also, if you forget where you left off with a TV series, you can read AI summaries of episodes until you find your place.

Summarize your writing with AI

It can be difficult to summarize your own work because you’ve spent so much time on it and see the relevance of every detail. Summarizing with AI provides an unbiased, outside perspective on what the key points are that you might have missed.

AI summarization is useful whenever you need to summarize yourself. For example, when applying to jobs, employers often want you to give a résumé summary in the cover letter (even though the résumé is right there , but whatever . . .). Summarizing your résumé with AI can save you some time, especially if you need to write a few cover letters simultaneously.

Likewise, writing an executive summary of a business report or another work document can be faster with AI. This applies even if you’re tasked with summarizing a work document you did not write, although in that case you should probably read it yourself, as AI is known to make mistakes.

Another less obvious application for AI summarization is helping you write a thesis statement for a research paper or other academic writing. A thesis statement is a succinct sentence that encapsulates the entire point of your paper, usually placed in the introduction as a way to explain to your readers what the paper is about.

Thesis statements can be difficult to write—after all, if a topic takes pages to explain, how can you cut it down to a single sentence? An easier workaround is to finish the rest of the paper first and then summarize it with AI into a sentence. You can then work that sentence, your thesis statement, into the introduction when you revise .

When using AI summarization with your own work, the most important thing to remember is that you need to reword it . Copying AI text is still plagiarism, even if the AI is summarizing you . The AI summarization can help you see which points to mention and recommend certain phrasing, but be sure to change the wording and revise it to make it your own.

AI summarization FAQs

How do you use ai for summarization.

In the AI prompt, simply ask the AI to “summarize” a text. You can refer to the text by its title if it is a well-known work or copy and paste the text directly into the message window if it’s not too large. If you want to summarize a web page or an online article, you can add the URL to the prompt.

Can you use summarizing with AI for papers and reports?

Summarizing with AI is incredibly helpful when it comes to finding sources for research. AI summarization can reveal whether or not a source is relevant to your paper’s topic before you commit to reading the entire thing.

What are the best tools for efficient summarization with AI?

Most functional AIs can handle summarization, although some are better than others. Try using an AI tool that’s already established itself, like ChatGPT, or one from a well-known brand, like Grammarly.

how to make books with paper

Watch CBS News

Trump $354 million fraud verdict includes New York business ban for 3 years. Here's what to know.

By Aimee Picchi

Edited By Alain Sherter

Updated on: February 16, 2024 / 8:40 PM EST / CBS News

A judge's ruling on Friday in  Donald Trump's civil fraud trial  deals a severe blow to the former president, who is now barred from running the New York-based company that for decades has served as the hub of his global business empire. 

In a 92-page decision, New York Supreme Court Justice Arthur Engoron barred Trump from serving as an officer or director of any corporation or other legal entity in the state for three years, while his sons, Eric Trump and Donald Trump Jr., were banned for two years,  according  to the ruling. 

Trump and The Trump Organization were also ordered to pay penalties of $354 million in what is one of the stiffest corporate sanctions in New York history. The total jumps to $453.5 million when pre-judgment interest is factored in. 

Engoron ruled last fall that Trump and his company, the Trump Organization, "repeatedly" violated state fraud law by systemically misrepresenting the value of some of his properties and his overall net worth. That enabled his business to obtain loan rates and other financial terms that they otherwise wouldn't have received, New York Attorney General Letitia James had claimed in filing suit against Trump.

More specifically, James' allegations included falsifying business records, issuing false financial statements and insurance fraud. James' office claimed that Trump's misrepresentations led to the company collecting $370 million in "ill-gotten gains."

Friday's ruling also appoints Judge Barbara Jones to continue in her role as an independent monitor of Trump's businesses for at least three years. It orders the addition of an independent director of compliance at the Trump Organization, with Engoron ruling that this person will be responsible for "ensuring good financial and accounting practices."

"[T]he more evidence there is of defendants' ongoing propensity to engage in fraud, the more need there is for the Court to impose stricter injunctive relief," Engoron wrote in his verdict. "This is not defendants' first rodeo."

It's possible Trump could appoint a trusted adviser to run his business during the three-year ban, noted John Coffee, a professor at Columbia Law School and an expert on corporate governance and white collar crime. 

"I doubt that he can appoint someone else without the court's approval, but one candidate that he will think of is Ivanka, his daughter, who is not a defendant," Coffee told CBS MoneyWatch. "When Martha Stewart was barred from serving as a director of her own business, which like Trump had her name on it, she appointed her daughter as CEO for three years."

Ivanka Trump, once an executive at The Trump Organization, was originally named as a defendant in the fraud suit, but an appellate court later dismissed allegations against her due to the state's statute of limitations.

Trump: "unAmerican judgment against me"

In a statement, Trump, who is expected to appeal, decried the verdict, calling it "unAmerican" and "a Complete and Total SHAM."

"There were No Victims, No Damages, No Complaints," Trump said in his statement. "Only satisfied Banks and Insurance Companies (which made a ton of money), GREAT Financial Statements, that didn't even include the most valuable Asset - The TRUMP Brand."

The decision comes just weeks after a federal jury ruled that Trump must pay  $83.3 million in damages  for defamatory statements he made denying that he sexually assaulted the writer E. Jean Carroll. Trump is also facing numerous additional legal cases . 

"These bills are really racking up for Trump," said CBS News legal analyst Katrina Kaufman shortly before the verdict was announced. James "asked for a lifetime ban on Trump in New York's real estate industry, which is huge for him. This is where he started as a businessman."

Trump could see the damages reduced on appeal, Columbia's Coffee said. But to appeal, Trump would have to post a bond covering the $354 million in penalties, he added.

"That will be costly," Coffee said. "Some banks will post the bond for him, for a hefty fee, but they will want security that they can liquidate easily, and that may require some sale of some of his assets."

Trump and his legal team had long expected a defeat, with the former president decrying the case as "rigged" and a "sham" and his lawyers laying the groundwork for an appeal before the judgment was even issued. 

In 2023, Engoron found that Trump and his company overstated the valuations of many properties by hundreds of millions. The judge cited the Palm Beach, Florida, real estate assessor's valuation of his Mar-a-Lago club at as low as $18 million — an amount on which Trump paid local property taxes. At the same time, Trump valued the property at as much as $714 million on his annual statements of financial conditions.

Separately, Trump also faces charges in four criminal proceedings. The first trial, which centers on a payment to adult film star Stormy Daniels in 2016, is scheduled to begin in Manhattan on March 25 . He has pleaded not guilty in all four cases. 

  • The Trump Organization
  • Donald Trump
  • Donald Trump Jr.

Aimee Picchi is the associate managing editor for CBS MoneyWatch, where she covers business and personal finance. She previously worked at Bloomberg News and has written for national news outlets including USA Today and Consumer Reports.

More from CBS News

Trump hopes to reshape RNC into "seamless operation" with leadership changes

Winery host says he recalls Fani Willis paying cash for Napa Valley wine tasting

New York man running "Breaking Bad-style drug lab" pleads guilty

Biden raised $42 million in January, his campaign says

how to make books with paper

Create a form in Word that users can complete or print

In Word, you can create a form that others can fill out and save or print.  To do this, you will start with baseline content in a document, potentially via a form template.  Then you can add content controls for elements such as check boxes, text boxes, date pickers, and drop-down lists. Optionally, these content controls can be linked to database information.  Following are the recommended action steps in sequence.  

Show the Developer tab

In Word, be sure you have the Developer tab displayed in the ribbon.  (See how here:  Show the developer tab .)

Open a template or a blank document on which to base the form

You can start with a template or just start from scratch with a blank document.

Start with a form template

Go to File > New .

In the  Search for online templates  field, type  Forms or the kind of form you want. Then press Enter .

In the displayed results, right-click any item, then select  Create. 

Start with a blank document 

Select Blank document .

Add content to the form

Go to the  Developer  tab Controls section where you can choose controls to add to your document or form. Hover over any icon therein to see what control type it represents. The various control types are described below. You can set properties on a control once it has been inserted.

To delete a content control, right-click it, then select Remove content control  in the pop-up menu. 

Note:  You can print a form that was created via content controls. However, the boxes around the content controls will not print.

Insert a text control

The rich text content control enables users to format text (e.g., bold, italic) and type multiple paragraphs. To limit these capabilities, use the plain text content control . 

Click or tap where you want to insert the control.

Rich text control button

To learn about setting specific properties on these controls, see Set or change properties for content controls .

Insert a picture control

A picture control is most often used for templates, but you can also add a picture control to a form.

Picture control button

Insert a building block control

Use a building block control  when you want users to choose a specific block of text. These are helpful when you need to add different boilerplate text depending on the document's specific purpose. You can create rich text content controls for each version of the boilerplate text, and then use a building block control as the container for the rich text content controls.

building block gallery control

Select Developer and content controls for the building block.

Developer tab showing content controls

Insert a combo box or a drop-down list

In a combo box, users can select from a list of choices that you provide or they can type in their own information. In a drop-down list, users can only select from the list of choices.

combo box button

Select the content control, and then select Properties .

To create a list of choices, select Add under Drop-Down List Properties .

Type a choice in Display Name , such as Yes , No , or Maybe .

Repeat this step until all of the choices are in the drop-down list.

Fill in any other properties that you want.

Note:  If you select the Contents cannot be edited check box, users won’t be able to click a choice.

Insert a date picker

Click or tap where you want to insert the date picker control.

Date picker button

Insert a check box

Click or tap where you want to insert the check box control.

Check box button

Use the legacy form controls

Legacy form controls are for compatibility with older versions of Word and consist of legacy form and Active X controls.

Click or tap where you want to insert a legacy control.

Legacy control button

Select the Legacy Form control or Active X Control that you want to include.

Set or change properties for content controls

Each content control has properties that you can set or change. For example, the Date Picker control offers options for the format you want to use to display the date.

Select the content control that you want to change.

Go to Developer > Properties .

Controls Properties  button

Change the properties that you want.

Add protection to a form

If you want to limit how much others can edit or format a form, use the Restrict Editing command:

Open the form that you want to lock or protect.

Select Developer > Restrict Editing .

Restrict editing button

After selecting restrictions, select Yes, Start Enforcing Protection .

Restrict editing panel

Advanced Tip:

If you want to protect only parts of the document, separate the document into sections and only protect the sections you want.

To do this, choose Select Sections in the Restrict Editing panel. For more info on sections, see Insert a section break .

Sections selector on Resrict sections panel

If the developer tab isn't displayed in the ribbon, see Show the Developer tab .

Open a template or use a blank document

To create a form in Word that others can fill out, start with a template or document and add content controls. Content controls include things like check boxes, text boxes, and drop-down lists. If you’re familiar with databases, these content controls can even be linked to data.

Go to File > New from Template .

New from template option

In Search, type form .

Double-click the template you want to use.

Select File > Save As , and pick a location to save the form.

In Save As , type a file name and then select Save .

Start with a blank document

Go to File > New Document .

New document option

Go to File > Save As .

Go to Developer , and then choose the controls that you want to add to the document or form. To remove a content control, select the control and press Delete. You can set Options on controls once inserted. From Options, you can add entry and exit macros to run when users interact with the controls, as well as list items for combo boxes, .

Adding content controls to your form

In the document, click or tap where you want to add a content control.

On Developer , select Text Box , Check Box , or Combo Box .

Developer tab with content controls

To set specific properties for the control, select Options , and set .

Repeat steps 1 through 3 for each control that you want to add.

Set options

Options let you set common settings, as well as control specific settings. Select a control and then select Options to set up or make changes.

Set common properties.

Select Macro to Run on lets you choose a recorded or custom macro to run on Entry or Exit from the field.

Bookmark Set a unique name or bookmark for each control.

Calculate on exit This forces Word to run or refresh any calculations, such as total price when the user exits the field.

Add Help Text Give hints or instructions for each field.

OK Saves settings and exits the panel.

Cancel Forgets changes and exits the panel.

Set specific properties for a Text box

Type Select form Regular text, Number, Date, Current Date, Current Time, or Calculation.

Default text sets optional instructional text that's displayed in the text box before the user types in the field. Set Text box enabled to allow the user to enter text into the field.

Maximum length sets the length of text that a user can enter. The default is Unlimited .

Text format can set whether text automatically formats to Uppercase , Lowercase , First capital, or Title case .

Text box enabled Lets the user enter text into a field. If there is default text, user text replaces it.

Set specific properties for a Check box .

Default Value Choose between Not checked or checked as default.

Checkbox size Set a size Exactly or Auto to change size as needed.

Check box enabled Lets the user check or clear the text box.

Set specific properties for a Combo box

Drop-down item Type in strings for the list box items. Press + or Enter to add an item to the list.

Items in drop-down list Shows your current list. Select an item and use the up or down arrows to change the order, Press - to remove a selected item.

Drop-down enabled Lets the user open the combo box and make selections.

Protect the form

Go to Developer > Protect Form .

Protect form button on the Developer tab

Note:  To unprotect the form and continue editing, select Protect Form again.

Save and close the form.

Test the form (optional)

If you want, you can test the form before you distribute it.

Protect the form.

Reopen the form, fill it out as the user would, and then save a copy.

Creating fillable forms isn’t available in Word for the web.

You can create the form with the desktop version of Word with the instructions in Create a fillable form .

When you save the document and reopen it in Word for the web, you’ll see the changes you made.


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